Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Great Crested Flycatcher (Myiarchus crinitus) - HBW 9, p. 437

French: Tyran huppé German: Gelbbauch-Schopftyrann Spanish: Copetón Viajero

Taxonomy: [Turdus] crinitus Linnaeus, 1758, South Carolina, United States.
Phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial DNA suggested that closest relatives are M. yucatanensis, M. cinerascens and M. tyrannulus, but relationships within this group not resolved. Birds from Massachusetts separated as race boreus on basis of bill size, but geographical variation considered clinal. Monotypic.

Distribution: Breeds S Canada (EC Alberta E to S Manitoba, extreme W & SE Ontario, S Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, occasionally Prince Edward I) and E USA (from C North Dakota, NE & SW South Dakota, C Nebraska, NE Colorado, Oklahoma and S Texas); probably also extreme N Mexico (NE Coahuila). Winters in SE USA (S Florida), and S Mexico through Central America to N Colombia and NW Venezuela.