Cormorants (Phalacrocoracidae)

Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) - HBW 1, p. 344

French: Grand Cormoran German: Kormoran Spanish: Cormorán Grande
Other common names: Common/Large (Black) Cormorant; European Cormorant (N America); White-breasted Cormorant (lucidus)

Taxonomy: Pelecanus Carbo Linnaeus, 1758, Europe.
May form superspecies with P. capillatus. Race lucidus often considered separate species. Race novaehollandiae may be good species; alternatively replaced by further races carboides (Australia) and steadi (New Zealand area). Race hanedae may be better considered synonymous with sinensis. Six subspecies normally recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • carbo (Linnaeus, 1758) - E Canada through Greenland and Iceland to Norway and British Is.
  • sinensis (Blumenbach, 1798) - C & S Europe E to India and China.
  • hanedae Nagamichi Kuroda, 1925 - Japan.

     See all 6 subspecies
  • carbo (Linnaeus, 1758) - E Canada through Greenland and Iceland to Norway and British Is.
  • sinensis (Blumenbach, 1798) - C & S Europe E to India and China.
  • hanedae Nagamichi Kuroda, 1925 - Japan.
  • maroccanus Hartert, 1906 - NW Africa.
  • lucidus (Lichtenstein, 1823) - coastal W & S Africa, inland E Africa.
  • novaehollandiae Stephens, 1826 - Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand, Chatham Is.