Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Great-billed Hermit (Phaethornis malaris) - HBW 5, p. 543

French: Ermite à long bec German: Dunkler Schattenkolibri Spanish: Ermitaño Picogrande
Other common names: Margaretta’s Hermit (margarettae)

Taxonomy: Trochilus malaris Nordmann, 1835, Cayenne.
Often considered monotypic, but most races hitherto regarded as belonging to P. superciliosus apparently have closer affinities with present species. Race ochraceiventris may prove to merit treatment as a separate species, but this would probably not include all S Amazonian taxa of this species-group (including P. superciliosus muelleri), as has been suggested. Race margarettae has been considered a full species. Races moorei and bolivianus intergrade in E Andes of Peru, and offspring of these described as “ucayalii”. Birds occurring betwee.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Trochilus malaris Nordmann, 1835, Cayenne.
Often considered monotypic, but most races hitherto regarded as belonging to P. superciliosus apparently have closer affinities with present species. Race ochraceiventris may prove to merit treatment as a separate species, but this would probably not include all S Amazonian taxa of this species-group (including P. superciliosus muelleri), as has been suggested. Race margarettae has been considered a full species. Races moorei and bolivianus intergrade in E Andes of Peru, and offspring of these described as “ucayalii”. Birds occurring between lower reaches of R Madeira and R Tapajós were separated as insignis, but indistinguishable from bolivianus. Proposed race camargoi inseparable from margarettae. Six subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • insolitus Zimmer, 1950 - E Colombia, S Venezuela, adjacent N Brazil.
  • malaris (Nordmann, 1835) - Surinam and French Guiana to CN Brazil (Amapá).
  • margarettae Ruschi, 1972 - coastal E Brazil (Pernambuco to Espírito Santo).

     See all 6 subspecies
  • insolitus Zimmer, 1950 - E Colombia, S Venezuela, adjacent N Brazil.
  • malaris (Nordmann, 1835) - Surinam and French Guiana to CN Brazil (Amapá).
  • margarettae Ruschi, 1972 - coastal E Brazil (Pernambuco to Espírito Santo).
  • moorei Lawrence, 1858 - E Colombia, E Ecuador and N Peru.
  • ochraceiventris Hellmayr, 1907 - NE Peru and W Brazil to lower R Madeira (S of Amazon).
  • bolivianus Gould, 1861 - SE Peru, Bolivia and W Brazil to W bank of R Tapajós (S of Amazon).