Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Golden-spangled Piculet (Picumnus exilis) - HBW 7, p. 424

French: Picumne de Buffon German: Goldschuppen-Zwergspecht Spanish: Carpinterito Telegrafista

Taxonomy: Picus exilis M. H. K. Lichtenstein, 1823, São Paulo; error = Bahia.
May be more closely related to P. fuscus. Formerly treated by many authors as conspecific with P. nigropunctatus, which was included as a synonym of the form “salvini”; latter, described from “Bogotá” skins with no type locality, had earlier been lumped as a race of present species; all pre-1990’s taxonomic conclusions were, however, based on totally inadequate material, with very few study skins available, and recent research using series of specimens has shown “salvini” to be almost certainly a synonym of P. squamulatus obsoletus. Six subspe.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Picus exilis M. H. K. Lichtenstein, 1823, São Paulo; error = Bahia.
May be more closely related to P. fuscus. Formerly treated by many authors as conspecific with P. nigropunctatus, which was included as a synonym of the form “salvini”; latter, described from “Bogotá” skins with no type locality, had earlier been lumped as a race of present species; all pre-1990’s taxonomic conclusions were, however, based on totally inadequate material, with very few study skins available, and recent research using series of specimens has shown “salvini” to be almost certainly a synonym of P. squamulatus obsoletus. Six subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • undulatus Hargitt, 1889 - extreme E Colombia (NE Guainía), SE Venezuela, N Brazil (Roraima) and W Guyana.
  • clarus J. T. Zimmer & Phelps, Sr., 1946 - E Venezuela in E Bolívar and S Delta Amacuro.
  • buffoni Lafresnaye, 1845 - E Guyana E to NC Brazil (Amapá).

     See all 6 subspecies
  • undulatus Hargitt, 1889 - extreme E Colombia (NE Guainía), SE Venezuela, N Brazil (Roraima) and W Guyana.
  • clarus J. T. Zimmer & Phelps, Sr., 1946 - E Venezuela in E Bolívar and S Delta Amacuro.
  • buffoni Lafresnaye, 1845 - E Guyana E to NC Brazil (Amapá).
  • alegriae Hellmayr, 1929 - coastal NE Pará and NW Maranhão (NC Brazil).
  • pernambucensis J. T. Zimmer, 1947 - coasts of Pernambuco and Alagoas (NE Brazil).
  • exilis (M. H. K. Lichtenstein, 1823) - coastal Bahia S to Espírito Santo (EC Brazil).