Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Golden-olive Woodpecker (Piculus rubiginosus) - HBW 7, p. 509

French: Pic or-olive German: Olivmantelspecht Spanish: Carpintero Oliváceo
Other common names: Green Woodpecker(!), Blue-headed Woodpecker; Bronze-winged Woodpecker (aeruginosus group)

Taxonomy: Picus rubiginosus Swainson, 1820, Caracas, Venezuela.
Forms a superspecies with P. auricularis, and sometimes regarded as conspecific. N races aeruginosus and yucatanensis possibly represent a distinct species, apparently differing in vocalizations. Considerable individual variation in coloration and pattern, making defining and delimitation of races difficult; those listed best regarded as a tentative general guide, requiring clarification through further research. Additional named races include maximus (E & C Pacific highlands of SE Mexico and Guatemala), differens (Pacific slope of Guatemala), uropygi.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Picus rubiginosus Swainson, 1820, Caracas, Venezuela.
Forms a superspecies with P. auricularis, and sometimes regarded as conspecific. N races aeruginosus and yucatanensis possibly represent a distinct species, apparently differing in vocalizations. Considerable individual variation in coloration and pattern, making defining and delimitation of races difficult; those listed best regarded as a tentative general guide, requiring clarification through further research. Additional named races include maximus (E & C Pacific highlands of SE Mexico and Guatemala), differens (Pacific slope of Guatemala), uropygialis (mountains of Costa Rica and W Panama), and in Colombia pacificus (W Andes), michaelis (SE Nariño), palmitae (W slope of E Andes in N) and nuchalis (E slope of Andes near Ecuador border), all of which fall within range of variation of other races. Nineteen subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • aeruginosus (Malherbe, 1862) - E Mexico (Tamaulipas to Veracruz).
  • yucatanensis (Cabot, 1844) - S Mexico (from Oaxaca) S to W Panama.
  • alleni (Bangs, 1902) - N Colombia (Santa Marta area).

     See all 19 subspecies
  • aeruginosus (Malherbe, 1862) - E Mexico (Tamaulipas to Veracruz).
  • yucatanensis (Cabot, 1844) - S Mexico (from Oaxaca) S to W Panama.
  • alleni (Bangs, 1902) - N Colombia (Santa Marta area).
  • meridensis (Ridgway, 1911) - NW Venezuela.
  • rubiginosus (Swainson, 1820) - NC & NE Venezuela.
  • tobagensis (Ridgway, 1911) - Tobago.
  • trinitatis (Ridgway, 1911) - Trinidad.
  • deltanus Alvedo & Ginés, 1953 - Delta Amacuro in NE Venezuela.
  • paraquensis Phelps, Sr. & Phelps, Jr., 1947 - mountains of SC Venezuela.
  • viridissimus Chapman, 1939 - Auyán tepui in SE Venezuela.
  • guianae (Hellmayr, 1918) - E Venezuela and adjacent Guyana.
  • nigriceps Blake, 1941 - Acarai Mts of S Guyana and adjacent S Surinam.
  • gularis (Hargitt, 1889) - W & C Andes in Colombia.
  • rubripileus (Salvadori & Festa, 1900) - SW Colombia, W Ecuador and NW Peru.
  • buenavistae (Chapman, 1915) - E Andes in Colombia and E Ecuador.
  • coloratus (Chapman, 1923) - extreme SE Ecuador and NC Peru.
  • chrysogaster (Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1902) - C Peru.
  • canipileus (d’Orbigny, 1840) - C & SE Bolivia.
  • tucumanus (Cabanis, 1883) - S Bolivia to NW Argentina (S to Tucumán).