Pigeons and Doves (Columbidae)

Friendly Ground-dove (Gallicolumba stairi) - HBW 4, p. 185

French: Gallicolombe de Stair German: Purpurschultertaube Spanish: Paloma-perdiz de las Fiji
Other common names: Friendly/Purple-shouldered/Samoan/Tongan/Fiji/Shy Quail-dove, Shy Ground-dove

Taxonomy: Calœnas(Phlegœnas [sic]) Stairi G. R. Gray, 1856, Samoa.
Probably most closely related to G. sanctaecrucis; both have been included in a superspecies with G. jobiensis, G. kubaryi, G. erythroptera and G. xanthonura, and also G. salamonis; present species might be related, more distantly, to G. beccarii, G. canifrons and G. hoedtii. Type specimen was bird from London Zoo of uncertain origin; some authorities have questioned designation of Samoa as type locality, suggesting Tonga as more probable origin, but the limited series of specimens do not justify altering the designated locality, .. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Calœnas(Phlegœnas [sic]) Stairi G. R. Gray, 1856, Samoa.
Probably most closely related to G. sanctaecrucis; both have been included in a superspecies with G. jobiensis, G. kubaryi, G. erythroptera and G. xanthonura, and also G. salamonis; present species might be related, more distantly, to G. beccarii, G. canifrons and G. hoedtii. Type specimen was bird from London Zoo of uncertain origin; some authorities have questioned designation of Samoa as type locality, suggesting Tonga as more probable origin, but the limited series of specimens do not justify altering the designated locality, so birds from Fiji and Tonga are currently placed in race vitiensis; under alternative arrangement, Samoan populations were placed in race samoensis. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • stairi (G. R. Gray, 1856) - Wallis and Futuna Is, and Samoa (Savaii, Upolu, Aliepata Is, Ofu).
  • vitiensis (Finsch, 1872) - Fiji and Tonga (Vava'u, Ha'apai and Nomuka groups).

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