Penduline-tits (Remizidae)

Forest Penduline-tit (Anthoscopus flavifrons) - HBW 13, p. 73

French: Rémiz à front jaune German: Goldstirn-Beutelmeise Spanish: Pájaro-moscón Frentigualdo
Other common names: Yellow-fronted Penduline-tit

Taxonomy: Aegithalus [sic] flavifrons Cassin, 1855, Moonda River, Gabon.
Has been considered a member of the superspecies formed by A. punctifrons, A. parvulus, A. musculus, A. caroli and A. minutus, but structural features, plumage coloration and rainforest habitat all suggest more distant affinities than exist among those five. Race waldronae initially named “waldroni”, but this is an incorrect original spelling. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • waldronae Bannerman, 1935 - N Liberia (N Lofa County, Mt Nimba), S Ivory Coast (forests of Taï, Fresco and Yapo) and SW Ghana (Goaso and Kakum forests).
  • flavifrons (Cassin, 1855) - SE Nigeria (Itu and Umuagwu), S Cameroon (Lolodorf, Elat and Aboulou), Equatorial Guinea (Mbini), N Gabon (Belinga, M’Bes, Makokou, M’Passa and Moondah estuary), N & SW PRCongo (Odzala and Nouabale-Ndoki National Parks; Kouilou) and N DRCongo (Equateur and Orientale Provinces).
  • ruthae Chapin, 1958 - E DRCongo (SE Kivu).

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