Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Forest Elaenia (Myiopagis gaimardii) - HBW 9, p. 265

French: Élénie de Gaimard German: Weißscheitel-Olivtyrann Spanish: Fiofío Selvático

Taxonomy: Muscicapara Gaimardii d’Orbigny, 1840, Yuracarés, Cochabamba, Bolivia.
Was once placed in its own genus, Elainopsis, and moved to the family Cotingidae on basis of its incomplete tarsal envelope. Proposed race subcinerea (EC Brazil from lower Amazon Basin E to Maranhão and Goiás) treated as a synonym of nominate; intergrades broadly with latter and with guianensis, and most individuals cannot be reliably distinguished from either. Five subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • macilvainii (Lawrence, 1871) - Panama (E of Canal Zone) and Caribbean coast of Colombia (E to base of Santa Marta Mts).
  • bogotensis (Berlepsch, 1907) - NE Colombia (from N Santa Marta Mts) E to N Venezuela (W Zulia E to Sucre, S to Barinas, Apure and R Orinoco).
  • trinitatis (Hartert & Goodson, 1917) - Trinidad.

     See all 5 subspecies
  • macilvainii (Lawrence, 1871) - Panama (E of Canal Zone) and Caribbean coast of Colombia (E to base of Santa Marta Mts).
  • bogotensis (Berlepsch, 1907) - NE Colombia (from N Santa Marta Mts) E to N Venezuela (W Zulia E to Sucre, S to Barinas, Apure and R Orinoco).
  • trinitatis (Hartert & Goodson, 1917) - Trinidad.
  • guianensis (Berlepsch, 1907) - E Amazonian Colombia, S & SE Venezuela (S of R Orinoco) and the Guianas S to N Amazonian Brazil and extreme NE Peru (Loreto).
  • gaimardii (d’Orbigny, 1840) - E Ecuador, E Peru, S Amazonian Brazil (E to W Pará, also Alagoas, S to W Mato Grosso, W São Paulo and Goiás) and N Bolivia.