Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Flame-colored Tanager (Piranga bidentata) - HBW 16, p. 309

French: Piranga à dos rayé German: Bluttangare Spanish: Piranga Estriada
Other common names: Striped/Swainson’s Tanager

Taxonomy: Pyranga bidentata Swainson, 1827, Temascáltepec, Mexico.
Molecular-genetic evidence indicates that this genus forms a monophyletic group with Habia and Chlorothraupis, and that all three are more closely related to cardinals (Cardinalidae) than to true tanagers. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • bidentata Swainson, 1827 - extreme SW USA (S Arizona, W Texas), and W Mexico from Sonora and Chihuahua S to Guerrero and E to vicinity of Mexico City.
  • flammea Ridgway, 1887 - W Mexico (Nayarit and Tres Marías Is).
  • sanguinolenta Lafresnaye, 1839 - E Mexico (from Nuevo León and Tamaulipas) S to Guatemala, NW Honduras and N El Salvador.
  • citrea van Rossem, 1934 - mountains of Costa Rica and W Panama.