Penduline-tits (Remizidae)

Fire-capped Tit (Cephalopyrus flammiceps) - HBW 13, p. 74

French: Rémiz tête-de-feu German: Flammenstirnchen Spanish: Pájaro-moscón Carirrojo
Other common names: Fire-capped Tit-warbler

Taxonomy: Aegithalus [sic] flammiceps E. Burton, 1836, Himalayas = Mussoorie, Himachal Pradesh, India.
Relationships uncertain; formerly considered to be a kinglet (Regulidae). Placement in present family not entirely satisfactory, as this species differs from others in that it nests in tree holes, as do the true tits and chickadees (Paridae); in addition, it lays blue (not white) eggs, as also does Auriparus flaviceps. Nevertheless, song is typical of those of the genus Remiz, as is its small cone-shaped bill; pending further research, it is better retained in present family. Geographical variation slight and somewhat clinal, with E birds darkest; an additional race, saturatu.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Aegithalus [sic] flammiceps E. Burton, 1836, Himalayas = Mussoorie, Himachal Pradesh, India.
Relationships uncertain; formerly considered to be a kinglet (Regulidae). Placement in present family not entirely satisfactory, as this species differs from others in that it nests in tree holes, as do the true tits and chickadees (Paridae); in addition, it lays blue (not white) eggs, as also does Auriparus flaviceps. Nevertheless, song is typical of those of the genus Remiz, as is its small cone-shaped bill; pending further research, it is better retained in present family. Geographical variation slight and somewhat clinal, with E birds darkest; an additional race, saturatus, has been described from Sikkim, but has for long been synonymized with olivaceus. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • flammiceps (E. Burton, 1836) - breeds N Pakistan (Gilgit) and Kashmir E to W Nepal; non-breeding NC India.
  • olivaceus Rothschild, 1923 - breeds E Nepal E to Bhutan and NE India (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh), and SC & S China (S Ningxia, SE Gansu, S Shaanxi, SC Sichuan, SE Xizang, Yunnan and W Guizhou); non-breeding in foothills, also (rarely) E Myanmar, NW Thailand and NW Laos.

  •      No sound recordings available yet