Waxbills (Estrildidae)

Fawn-breasted Waxbill (Estrilda paludicola) - HBW 15, p. 315

French: Astrild à poitrine fauve German: Sumpfastrild Spanish: Estrilda Pechiparda
Other common names: Abyssinian/Marsh/Buff-bellied Waxbill; Benguella Waxbill (benguellensis); (Uhehe) Rosy-flanked Waxbill (roseicrissa); Abyssinian (Fawn-breasted) Waxbill (ochrogaster)

Taxonomy: Estrelda paludicola Heuglin, 1863, middle course of Bahr el Ghazal, south-west Sudan.
Race ochrogaster sometimes considered a separate species; benguellensis and ruthae might form another species. In recent analysis of mitochondrial phylogeny, nominate race, ochrogaster and roseicrissa comprised a clade that included also E. melpoda, which occurs sympatrically with present species and is clearly a distinct species; benguellensis and ruthae comprised another, multi-species clade, with closest relatives nominate race, ochrogaster and roseicrissa and also E. melpoda, E. troglodytes, E. rhodopyg.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Estrelda paludicola Heuglin, 1863, middle course of Bahr el Ghazal, south-west Sudan.
Race ochrogaster sometimes considered a separate species; benguellensis and ruthae might form another species. In recent analysis of mitochondrial phylogeny, nominate race, ochrogaster and roseicrissa comprised a clade that included also E. melpoda, which occurs sympatrically with present species and is clearly a distinct species; benguellensis and ruthae comprised another, multi-species clade, with closest relatives nominate race, ochrogaster and roseicrissa and also E. melpoda, E. troglodytes, E. rhodopyga and E. rufibarba. Further study required. Six subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • ruthae Chapin, 1950 - S Gabon, S PRCongo, and SW DRCongo (along middle R Congo near Kinshasa).
  • paludicola Heuglin, 1863 - S Sudan, E Central African Republic, N DRCongo (E to Ituri), N Uganda and W Kenya.
  • ochrogaster Salvadori, 1897 - Ethiopia and SE Sudan.

     See all 6 subspecies
  • ruthae Chapin, 1950 - S Gabon, S PRCongo, and SW DRCongo (along middle R Congo near Kinshasa).
  • paludicola Heuglin, 1863 - S Sudan, E Central African Republic, N DRCongo (E to Ituri), N Uganda and W Kenya.
  • ochrogaster Salvadori, 1897 - Ethiopia and SE Sudan.
  • roseicrissa Reichenow, 1892 - E DRCongo S of L Edward, SW Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and NW Tanzania.
  • benguellensis Neumann, 1908 - Angola, S DRCongo (Upper Katanga) and Zambia.
  • marwitzi Reichenow, 1900 - SC Tanzania.
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