European Turtle-dove (Streptopelia turtur) - HBW 4, p. 133
French: Tourterelle des bois
Spanish: Tórtola Europea
Other common names: Common Turtle-dove; Isabelline Turtle-dove (rufescens)
Taxonomy: Columba Turtur Linnaeus, 1758, India; error = England.
Related to S. lugens, S. hypopyrrha and S. orientalis. Birds of Nile Valley and Faiyûm have been separated as race isabellina, but claimed differences with rufescens probably sexual; in addition, males of this zone may be dimorphic. Four subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- turtur (Linnaeus, 1758) - C & S Britain E to Poland and N Russia, S to N Mediterranean coast, and on through Asia Minor and Syria to Kazakhstan and W Siberia; also Madeira and Canary Is.
- arenicola (Hartert, 1894) - Morocco E to Tripoli, and from Iraq and Iran E through Afghanistan, Turkestan and Kirghiz Steppes to NW China.
- hoggara (Geyr von Schweppenburg, 1916) - Hoggar and Aïr Massifs in S Sahara.
- rufescens (C. L. Brehm, 1855) - Dakhla and Kharga Oases in Egypt, as well as Faiyûm and parts of Nile Delta.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 69 videos
A bird on the ground taking some grit. Locality Muel, Zaragoza, Aragón, Spain (ssp turtur)
Jesús Laborda 16 June 2013 1 year ago 23 sec 4.8
A close up of a bird, drinking and flying away Locality Jaulín, Zaragoza, Aragón, Spain (ssp turtur)
Jesús Laborda 7 July 2007 7 years ago 30 sec 4.6
An individual bathing. Locality Muel, Zaragoza, Aragón, Spain (ssp turtur)
Jesús Laborda 16 June 2013 1 year ago 1 min 6 sec 4.6
A juvenile bird preening on a branch Locality Vilanova i la Geltru, Barcelona Province, Catalonia, Spain (ssp turtur)
Pere Sugranyes 31 March 2006 7 years ago 30 sec 4.5
A bird beside a pond and flying away Locality Jaulín, Zaragoza, Aragón, Spain (ssp turtur)
Jesús Laborda 29 May 2007 7 years ago 18 sec 4.5
A bird on top of an argan tree, singing Locality Taffraoute, Souss-Massa-Draâ Region, Morocco (ssp arenicola)
Josep del Hoyo 16 May 2006 8 years ago 51 sec 4.5
PhotosSee all 59 photos
Adult perched in the shade
Locality Danube Delta, Tulcea County, Romania
Marco Valentini 5 June 2014 41 weeks ago 4.7
Locality Ramot, Golan Heights, Israel
Lior Kislev 18 June 2011 3 years ago 4.6
Migrant, in flight.
Locality Bu Jaydur, Western Sahara
Fran Trabalon 23 April 2012 2 years ago 4.6
adult European Turtle-Dove
Locality Lake Vrana, Zadar County, Croatia (ssp turtur)
spiljar 17 August 2013 7 weeks ago 4.5
On the ground
Locality Arakhiya Farm, Al Rayyan, Qatar
John A Thompson 30 April 2010 4 years ago 4.4
A bird on a stone.
Locality Jaulín, Zaragoza, Aragón, Spain (ssp turtur)
Jesús Laborda 26 June 2014 14 weeks ago 4.3
Perched, singing - also heard are piping notes from a wader Locality Birdland Park & Gardens, Bourton-on-the-Water, Gloucestershire, England, Great Britain
Joe Angseesing 5 March 2013 1 year ago 5
Singing while perched in a tree Locality Birdland Park & Gardens, Bourton-on-the-Water, Gloucestershire, England, Great Britain
Joe Angseesing 4 June 2013 10 weeks ago 4.5
Song Locality Marche-en-Famenne, Luxembourg Province, Belgium
Peter Boesman 13 May 2007 48 weeks ago 4.3
Click to play
A male singing Locality Sidi Bou Ghaba, Gharb-Chrarda-Béni Hssen Region, Morocco
Eric Roualet 26 March 2009 1 year ago 4
A male singing. Locality Forêt de Fontainebleau, France
Julien Rochefort 30 June 2006 5 years ago 4