Nightjars (Caprimulgidae)

European Nightjar (Caprimulgus europaeus) - HBW 5, p. 360

French: Engoulevent d’Europe German: Ziegenmelker Spanish: Chotacabras Europeo
Other common names: (Eurasian) Nightjar, Common Nightjar

Taxonomy: Caprimulgus europæus Linnaeus, 1758, Sweden.
Forms superspecies with C. fraenatus and C. rufigena. Sometimes reckoned to be replaced to east by C. indicus. Much of geographical variation is clinal. Six subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • europaeus Linnaeus, 1758 - N & C Europe E through NC Asia (mainly S of c. 60° N) to L Baikal region.
  • meridionalis Hartert, 1896 - NW Africa and Iberia E through S Europe, Crimea, Caucasus and Ukraine to NW Iran and Caspian Sea.
  • sarudnyi Hartert, 1912 - Kazakhstan, from Caspian Sea E to Kyrgyzstan, Tarbagatai and Altai.

     See all 6 subspecies
  • europaeus Linnaeus, 1758 - N & C Europe E through NC Asia (mainly S of c. 60° N) to L Baikal region.
  • meridionalis Hartert, 1896 - NW Africa and Iberia E through S Europe, Crimea, Caucasus and Ukraine to NW Iran and Caspian Sea.
  • sarudnyi Hartert, 1912 - Kazakhstan, from Caspian Sea E to Kyrgyzstan, Tarbagatai and Altai.
  • unwini Hume, 1871 - Iraq and Iran E to W Tien Shan and Kasthigaria, N to S Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.
  • plumipes Przewalski, 1876 - NW China and W & NW Mongolia.
  • dementievi Stegmann, 1949 - NE Mongolia and S Transbaikalia.