Tits and Chickadees (Paridae)

European Crested Tit (Lophophanes cristatus) - HBW 12, p. 725

French: Mésange huppée German: Haubenmeise Spanish: Herrerillo Capuchino
Other common names: Crested Tit

Taxonomy: Parus cristatus Linnaeus, 1758, Sweden.
Until recently present genus normally subsumed into a broad Parus, and many authors still prefer that treatment. Relationship with L. dichrous uncertain; further study needed. Both were previously considered, on grounds mainly of morphology, to have close affinity with Baeolophus wollweberi. Has hybridized with Periparus ater. Geographical variation largely clinal; races weigoldi, abadiei and mitratus intergrade widely in W Europe; baschkirikus and bureschi are poorly differentiated from nominate, and considered by some to fall wi.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Parus cristatus Linnaeus, 1758, Sweden.
Until recently present genus normally subsumed into a broad Parus, and many authors still prefer that treatment. Relationship with L. dichrous uncertain; further study needed. Both were previously considered, on grounds mainly of morphology, to have close affinity with Baeolophus wollweberi. Has hybridized with Periparus ater. Geographical variation largely clinal; races weigoldi, abadiei and mitratus intergrade widely in W Europe; baschkirikus and bureschi are poorly differentiated from nominate, and considered by some to fall within range of variation of latter. Seven subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • scoticus Prazák, 1897 - NC Scotland.
  • abadiei (Jouard, 1929) - W France.
  • weigoldi (Tratz, 1914) - W & S Iberia.

     See all 7 subspecies
  • scoticus Prazák, 1897 - NC Scotland.
  • abadiei (Jouard, 1929) - W France.
  • weigoldi (Tratz, 1914) - W & S Iberia.
  • cristatus (Linnaeus, 1758) - N & E Europe S to Carpathian Mts.
  • baschkirikus Snigirewski, 1931 - SW & C Urals.
  • mitratus (C. L. Brehm, 1831) - C Europe S to NE Spain, Alps, Croatia and N Serbia.
  • bureschi (Jordans, 1940) - Albania E to Bulgaria, and N & C Greece.