Finches (Fringillidae)

Eurasian Siskin (Carduelis spinus) - HBW 15, p. 547

French: Tarin des aulnes German: Erlenzeisig Spanish: Jilguero Lúgano
Other common names: Common/Spruce Siskin

Taxonomy: Carduelis Spinus Linnaeus, 1758, Sweden.
This species and C. pinus and C. atriceps have been thought to form a superspecies. Recent phylogenetic analysis indicates that first two, at least, are only distantly related to the South American group of siskins, and has recently been suggested that they be separated in genus Spinus, but comprehensive review is required of all species currently included within present genus in order to determine true relationships. Monotypic.

Distribution: Breeds discontinuously throughout Europe from N Scandinavia to N & C Spain, Corsica, N & S Italy and Balkans to N Greece, and continuously E from Baltic and E Poland through C parts of W Russia, NC Kazakhstan and W Siberia to upper R Ob (irregularly to R Yenisey), and in S from Ukraine, W Caucasus and NW & N Turkey E to N Iran & N Iraq; also in Russian Far East from L Baikal and Yablonovy Range E to Transbaikalia, Sea of Okhotsk coast, C Kamchatka, Ussuriland, Sakhalin I and NE China (N Inner Mongolia and Heilongjiang), also N Japan (C & E Hokkaido). Winters S to NW Africa, Cyprus, N & C Israel, SW Iran, N Mongolia, Korea, S Japan, E & S China and Taiwan.