Snipes, Sandpipers and Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)

Eurasian Curlew (Numenius arquata) - HBW 3, p. 504

French: Courlis cendré German: Großer Brachvogel Spanish: Zarapito Real
Other common names: Common Curlew

Taxonomy: Scolopax Arquata Linnaeus, 1758, Sweden.
Racial variation clinal; W populations of orientalis have on occasion been separated as race sushkini. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • arquata (Linnaeus, 1758) - British Is and France across W Europe (N to Arctic Circle) and E to R Volga and Urals; winters from Iceland and British Is S to Mediterranean and NW Africa, and E to Persian Gulf and W India.
  • orientalis C. L. Brehm, 1831 - R Volga and Urals E through C Russia and N Kazakhstan to C Manchuria; winters in W, E & S Africa, and from S Caspian Sea S to Persian Gulf and E through S Asia to E China and S Japan, and S to Philippines and Greater Sundas.