Orioles (Oriolidae)

Eastern Black-headed Oriole (Oriolus larvatus) - HBW 13, p. 728

French: Loriot masqué German: Maskenpirol Spanish: Oropéndola Enmascarada
Other common names: (East) African Black-headed Oriole

Taxonomy: Oriolus larvatus M. H. C. Lichtenstein, 1823, “Terr. Caffror” = Cape Province, South Africa.
Closely related to and sometimes treated as conspecific with O. percivali, with which it mayhybridize in C Kenya, but the two differ in ecology and vocalizations; both belong to the “African black-headed group”, which also includes O. chlorocephalus, O. crassirostris, O. brachyrhynchus, O. monacha and O. nigripennis. Race additus formerly known by name tibicen, but that name invalid, as preoccupied. Nominate race and angolensis appear to intergrade clinally in Zimbabwe. Proposed race kikuyensis (from Na.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Oriolus larvatus M. H. C. Lichtenstein, 1823, “Terr. Caffror” = Cape Province, South Africa.
Closely related to and sometimes treated as conspecific with O. percivali, with which it mayhybridize in C Kenya, but the two differ in ecology and vocalizations; both belong to the “African black-headed group”, which also includes O. chlorocephalus, O. crassirostris, O. brachyrhynchus, O. monacha and O. nigripennis. Race additus formerly known by name tibicen, but that name invalid, as preoccupied. Nominate race and angolensis appear to intergrade clinally in Zimbabwe. Proposed race kikuyensis (from Nairobi, in Kenya) is synonymized with rolleti. Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • rolleti Salvadori, 1864 - S Sudan, W & S Ethiopia, E DRCongo (to c. 2° S), Uganda, W & C Kenya, L Victoria Basin.
  • reichenowi Zedlitz, 1916 - coastal forests of Somalia to E Tanzania (S to c. 9° S).
  • angolensis Neumann, 1905 - Angola and N Namibia E to W Tanzania and N Mozambique.

     See all 5 subspecies
  • rolleti Salvadori, 1864 - S Sudan, W & S Ethiopia, E DRCongo (to c. 2° S), Uganda, W & C Kenya, L Victoria Basin.
  • reichenowi Zedlitz, 1916 - coastal forests of Somalia to E Tanzania (S to c. 9° S).
  • angolensis Neumann, 1905 - Angola and N Namibia E to W Tanzania and N Mozambique.
  • additus Lawson, 1969 - coastal S Tanzania S to coastal S Mozambique.
  • larvatus M. H. C. Lichtenstein, 1823 - S Zimbabwe, inland S Mozambique, Swaziland and E South Africa (S to S Western Cape).