Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Crimson-crested Woodpecker (Campephilus melanoleucos) - HBW 7, p. 532

French: Pic de Malherbe German: Schwarzkehlspecht Spanish: Picamaderos Barbinegro
Other common names: Black-and-white Woodpecker; Malherbe’s Woodpecker (malherbii)

Taxonomy: Picus melanoleucos J. F. Gmelin, 1788, Surinam.
Formerly placed in genus Phloeoceastes with seven other species, all of which are now lumped into Campephilus. Forms a superspecies with C. guatemalensis and C. gayaquilensis. Possibly conspecific with latter. Races intergrade quite extensively; birds from S half of range formerly grouped together as race albirostris. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • malherbii G. R. Gray, 1845 - W Panama E to N & C Colombia.
  • melanoleucos (J. F. Gmelin, 1788) - E of Andes, from Colombia E to Trinidad and NE Brazil, S to Bolivia, Paraguay, N & NE Argentina and Mato Grosso.
  • cearae (Cory, 1915) - E & S Brazil.