Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Cone-billed Tanager (Conothraupis mesoleuca) - HBW 16, p. 159

French: Tangara de Berlioz German: Witwentangare Spanish: Tangara Picuda

Taxonomy: Rhynchothraupis mesoleuca Berlioz, 1939, Juruena, c. 490 km NW of Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brazil.
Placement in present family has been questioned. Sometimes placed in a monotypic genus, Rhynchothraupis. On the other hand, has been suggested as being conspecific with C. speculigera, but new vocal information and knowledge of female plumage (female formerly unknown) indicate that it could be most closely related to White-naped Seedeater (Dolospingus fringilloides), currently placed in family Emberizidae. Further research required. Monotypic.

Distribution: W Mato Grosso (upper R Juruena basin) and SW Goiás (Das Emas National Park), in SC Brazil.