Pigeons and Doves (Columbidae)

Common Woodpigeon (Columba palumbus) - HBW 4, p. 115

French: Pigeon ramier German: Ringeltaube Spanish: Paloma Torcaz
Other common names: Ring Pigeon, Ringdove, Cushat, Cushie-doo, Quest

Taxonomy: Columba Palumbus Linnaeus, 1758, Sweden.
Related to C. bollii and C. trocaz of Macaronesia (E Atlantic islands) and C. unicincta of Africa; probably also to C. junoniae of Canary Is. Race iranica intergrades with nominate in E Turkey and Transcaucasia. Six subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • azorica Hartert, 1905 - E & C Azores.
  • maderensis Tschusi zu Schmidhoffen, 1904 - montane forests of Madeira (probably extinct).
  • excelsa (Bonaparte, 1856) - Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia.

     See all 6 subspecies
  • azorica Hartert, 1905 - E & C Azores.
  • maderensis Tschusi zu Schmidhoffen, 1904 - montane forests of Madeira (probably extinct).
  • excelsa (Bonaparte, 1856) - Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia.
  • palumbus Linnaeus, 1758 - Europe E to W Siberia and Iraq; winters S to N Africa.
  • iranica (Zarudny, 1910) - S Transcaspia, N & W Iran.
  • casiotis (Bonaparte, 1854) - Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan to N Afghanistan, N Pakistan, NW India and Nepal.