Common Tern (Sterna hirundo) - HBW 3, p. 652
French: Sterne pierregarin
Spanish: Charrán Común
Taxonomy: Sterna Hirundo Linnaeus, 1758, Sweden.
In North America, genetic studies of populations in Minnesota and Wisconsin and ringing studies in NE USA reveal high degree of gene flow, despite colony site tenacity. C Asian minussensis often considered to be no more than a hybrid form between nominate hirundo and longipennis. Four subspecies normally recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- hirundo Linnaeus, 1758 - North America to N South America, Atlantic islands, Europe, N Africa (Tunisia) and W Africa (Mauritania, Senegal, erratically Nigeria), through Middle East and Black and Caspian Seas to Yenisey Valley; winters S of Tropic of Cancer.
- minussensis Sushkin, 1925 - C Asia through Transbaikalia to N Mongolia and S Tibet; winters mainly N Indian Ocean.
- tibetana Saunders, 1876 - W Mongolia S to Kashmir, Tibet and Sichuan, at high altitudes; winters mostly E Indian Ocean.
- longipennis Nordmann, 1835 - NE Siberia S to NE China (C Heilongjiang to Inner Mongolia and Shanxi); winters SE Asia to Australia.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 62 videos
Bird preening on post in lake Locality Slimbridge Wildlife & Wetlands Trust, Slimbridge, Gloucestershire, England, Great Britain (ssp hirundo)
Desmond Allen 25 July 2011 24 weeks ago 22 sec 3.3
A bird resting on a pond during migration Locality Rambouillet Forest, Yvelines, Île-de-France, France
Alain Beaufils 5 August 2009 3 years ago 37 sec 3.3
breeding birds Locality Texel, North Holland Province, Netherlands (ssp hirundo)
Daniêl Jimenez 19 May 2012 1 year ago 21 sec 3.3
Birds quarelling Locality Fontenay-le-Vicomte, Essonne, Île-de-France, France
Robert Mouchard 10 July 2011 1 year ago 55 sec 3.3
A bird hovering Locality Axios Delta, Central Macedonia Region, Greece
Theo Mamais 6 July 2008 4 years ago 10 sec 3.2
An adult bird in breeding plumage looking for preys over the surface of a lake Locality Burgenland State, Austria (ssp hirundo)
Malcolm Mark Swan 20 May 2006 5 years ago 14 sec 3.1
PhotosSee all 62 photos
Individual perched on submerged log.
Locality Bronte Harbour, Bronte, Oakville, Ontario, Canada
Miriam Bauman 5 July 2009 2 years ago 3.4
A flight of terns was working the waters of a small lake on the edge of Bedford
Locality Priory Country Park, Bedford, Bedfordshire, England, Great Britain
Ian Barker 9 May 2010 2 years ago 3.4
Locality Bergen, Hordaland County, Norway
RobRob 2 years ago 3.4
Locality East Kazakhstan Province, Kazakhstan
Christophe Gouraud 10 June 2010 2 years ago 3.4
Locality Caimare Chico, Zulia State, Venezuela
kperezleon 14 September 2008 4 years ago 3.3
mohammmmad alamin khogaly... 16 weeks ago 3.3
Voices of birds. Locality Axios Delta, Central Macedonia Region, Greece
Theo Mamais 20 April 2008 32 weeks ago 5
Two birds flying together. Locality Essonne, Île-de-France, France
Julien Rochefort 5 July 2007 3 years ago 4
Birds calling while roosting on rocks with Crested Terns. Locality Western Treatment Plant, Werribee, Victoria, Australia
Nick Talbot 18 February 2013 12 weeks ago 0