Finches (Fringillidae)

Common Linnet (Carduelis cannabina) - HBW 15, p. 569

French: Linotte mélodieuse German: Bluthänfling Spanish: Pardillo Común
Other common names: Eurasian/European/Brown Linnet

Taxonomy: Fringilla cannabina Linnaeus, 1758, Sweden.
Previously placed in genus Acanthis. Has hybridized with C. chloris, C. spinus, C. flammea and C. flavirostris. Race guentheri formerly referred to by name nana, but latter invalid, as preoccupied. Geographical variation slight and to some extent clinal, plumage becoming paler from W to E, and races intergrade widely in overlap areas; race mediterranea sometimes synonymized with nominate. Birds in Middle East intermediate between European ones and those farther E, possibly closer to latter; proposed races taurica (described from T.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Fringilla cannabina Linnaeus, 1758, Sweden.
Previously placed in genus Acanthis. Has hybridized with C. chloris, C. spinus, C. flammea and C. flavirostris. Race guentheri formerly referred to by name nana, but latter invalid, as preoccupied. Geographical variation slight and to some extent clinal, plumage becoming paler from W to E, and races intergrade widely in overlap areas; race mediterranea sometimes synonymized with nominate. Birds in Middle East intermediate between European ones and those farther E, possibly closer to latter; proposed races taurica (described from Totakoi, near Simferopol, in Crimea), persica (from Damavand, in Iran) and fringillirostris (from Kashmir) all considered paler variants of bella, slightly darker variants of which occur in N Turkey and Caucasus. Seven subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • autochthona ( Clancey, 1946) - Scotland.
  • cannabina ( Linnaeus, 1758) - W, C & N Europe (S & C Scandinavia S to N Spain, N Italy, NE Greece, W Turkey and Ukraine) and W & SC Siberia E to upper R Yenisey, S Krasnoyarsk and N Altai; non-breeding also N Africa and SW Asia.
  • bella ( C. L. Brehm, 1845) - WC Turkey, Cyprus and Levant E to Caucasus, NW & N Iran, S Turkmenistan, NW & NE Afghanistan, S & E Kazakhstan (SW Altai, Tarbagatay and Tien Shan), W Mongolia and NW China (N & NW Xinjiang); non-breeding S to N Pakistan (Baluchistan, Salt Range and Punjab).

     See all 7 subspecies
  • autochthona ( Clancey, 1946) - Scotland.
  • cannabina ( Linnaeus, 1758) - W, C & N Europe (S & C Scandinavia S to N Spain, N Italy, NE Greece, W Turkey and Ukraine) and W & SC Siberia E to upper R Yenisey, S Krasnoyarsk and N Altai; non-breeding also N Africa and SW Asia.
  • bella ( C. L. Brehm, 1845) - WC Turkey, Cyprus and Levant E to Caucasus, NW & N Iran, S Turkmenistan, NW & NE Afghanistan, S & E Kazakhstan (SW Altai, Tarbagatay and Tien Shan), W Mongolia and NW China (N & NW Xinjiang); non-breeding S to N Pakistan (Baluchistan, Salt Range and Punjab).
  • mediterranea ( Tschusi, 1903) - Iberia (including Balearic Is) E to S Italy, Croatia, Greece, Crete and Aegean Sea islands, also NW Africa (Morocco E to N Tunisia and N Libya).
  • guentheri Wolters, 1953 - Madeira.
  • meadewaldoi ( E. J. O. Hartert, 1901) - W & C Canary Is (El Hierro E to Gran Canaria).
  • harterti ( Bannerman, 1913) - E Canary Is (Alegranza, Lanzarote and Fuerteventura).