Ioras (Aegithinidae)

Common Iora (Aegithina tiphia) - HBW 10, p. 288

French: Petit Iora German: Schwarzflügeliora Spanish: Iora Común
Other common names: Indian Iora, Black-winged/Small Iora; Ceylon Iora (multicolor)

Taxonomy: Motacilla Tiphia Linnaeus, 1758, vicinity of Calcutta, West Bengal, India.
Has often been treated as conspecific with A. nigrolutea, but differs in e.g. details of morphology, plumage and vocalizations. Delineation of races complicated by individual variation in amount of black on cap and upper body of males, intercalation of a male eclipse plumage of varying distinctness from breeding dress, some broad geographical intergradation zones (especially in Indian Subcontinent), and inter-population convergence (including of colour tones of eclipse plumages). Proposed races singapurensis and micromelaena of Malay Peninsula and islands absorbed within .. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Motacilla Tiphia Linnaeus, 1758, vicinity of Calcutta, West Bengal, India.
Has often been treated as conspecific with A. nigrolutea, but differs in e.g. details of morphology, plumage and vocalizations. Delineation of races complicated by individual variation in amount of black on cap and upper body of males, intercalation of a male eclipse plumage of varying distinctness from breeding dress, some broad geographical intergradation zones (especially in Indian Subcontinent), and inter-population convergence (including of colour tones of eclipse plumages). Proposed races singapurensis and micromelaena of Malay Peninsula and islands absorbed within range of variation of horizoptera; races trudiae (from Brunei Bay, in N Borneo) and djunkulanensis (extreme W Java) treated as local intergrades between larger neighbouring entities. Eleven subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • septentrionalis Koelz, 1939 - foot of NW Himalayas in N India (Punjab, Himachal Pradesh).
  • tiphia (Linnaeus, 1758) - foot of Himalayas from N India (E from Punjab) E to Bangladesh, and adjacent W Myanmar.
  • humei Stuart Baker, 1922 - C Indian Subcontinent (E from Rajasthan).

     See all 11 subspecies
  • septentrionalis Koelz, 1939 - foot of NW Himalayas in N India (Punjab, Himachal Pradesh).
  • tiphia (Linnaeus, 1758) - foot of Himalayas from N India (E from Punjab) E to Bangladesh, and adjacent W Myanmar.
  • humei Stuart Baker, 1922 - C Indian Subcontinent (E from Rajasthan).
  • multicolor (J. F. Gmelin, 1789) - extreme S India and Sri Lanka.
  • philipi Oustalet, 1885 - SC China (Yunnan), E Myanmar, N & C Thailand and N & C Indochina.
  • deignani B. P. Hall, 1957 - Myanmar (except W, E & S).
  • horizoptera Oberholser, 1912 - S Myanmar and C Thailand S to Malay Peninsula, and Sumatra and satellites (Nias I, Riau and Lingga Archipelagos, Bangka).
  • cambodiana B. P. Hall, 1957 - SE Thailand and S Indochina.
  • aequanimis Bangs, 1922 - W Philippines (Palawan) and N Borneo (Sabah), and satellite islands.
  • viridis (Bonaparte, 1850) - Borneo (except N).
  • scapularis (Horsfield, 1821) - Java and Bali.