Pigeons and Doves (Columbidae)

Common Ground-dove (Columbina passerina) - HBW 4, p. 163

French: Colombe à queue noire German: Sperlingstäubchen Spanish: Columbina Común
Other common names: Scaly-breasted/Scaled/Speckled/Rosy Ground-dove, Sparrow/Passerine/Tobacco Dove

Taxonomy: Columba passerina Linnaeus, 1758, South Carolina, USA.
Formerly placed in genus Columbigallina. Closely related to C. minuta. Eighteen subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • passerina (Linnaeus, 1758) - South Carolina along Atlantic and Gulf Coasts to SE Texas.
  • pallescens (Baird, 1860) - Colorado Delta and Baja California E through S Arizona to S Texas, and S through Mexico to Belize and Guatemala.
  • socorroensis (Ridgway, 1887) - Socorro I in Revillagigedo Archipelago (off W Mexico).

     See all 18 subspecies
  • passerina (Linnaeus, 1758) - South Carolina along Atlantic and Gulf Coasts to SE Texas.
  • pallescens (Baird, 1860) - Colorado Delta and Baja California E through S Arizona to S Texas, and S through Mexico to Belize and Guatemala.
  • socorroensis (Ridgway, 1887) - Socorro I in Revillagigedo Archipelago (off W Mexico).
  • neglecta (Carriker, 1910) - Honduras to Costa Rica and Panama.
  • bahamensis (Maynard, 1887) - Bermuda and Bahamas (except Inagua Is).
  • exigua (Riley, 1905) - Great Inagua I (S Bahamas) and Mona I (between Puerto Rico and Hispaniola).
  • insularis (Ridgway, 1888) - Cuba, I of Pines, Cayman Is (Grand, Little, Brac), Hispaniola and adjacent islands.
  • jamaicensis (Maynard, 1899) - Jamaica.
  • navassae (Wetmore, 1930) - Navassa I (off SW Hipaniola).
  • portoricensis (Lowe, 1908) - Puerto Rico, Culebras, Vieques and Virgin Is (except St Croix).
  • nigrirostris (Danforth, 1935) - St Croix and N Lesser Antilles.
  • trochila (Bonaparte, 1855) - Martinique.
  • antillarum (Lowe, 1908) - S Lesser Antilles from St Lucia and Barbados S to Grenada.
  • albivitta (Bonaparte, 1855) - coastal N Colombia and Venezuela S to Orinoco Valley, with offshore islands from Aruba to Los Testigos, Margarita I and Trinidad.
  • parvula (Todd, 1913) - C Colombia in upper Magdalena Valley.
  • nana (Todd, 1913) - W Colombia in Cauca Valley and arid upper Dagua Valley.
  • quitensis (Todd, 1913) - C Ecuador from R Guaillabamba S to Riobamba.
  • griseola Spix, 1825 - extreme S Venezuela, the Guianas and Amazonia from R Negro and R Madeira E to coastal Brazil (S to Bahia).