Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula) - HBW 16, p. 778
French: Quiscale bronzé
Spanish: Zanate Común
Other common names: Florida Grackle (quiscula); Bronzed Grackle (versicolor); Purple Grackle (stonei)
Taxonomy: G.[racula] Quiscula Linnaeus, 1758, coast of South Carolina, USA.
According to DNA data, this species is ancestral to other members of genus. In the past, races versicolor and stonei were sometimes treated as two separate species. Further, these two races intergrade in E USA from Connecticut S to Louisiana; intermediate populations described as a distinct race, ridgwayi, but such treatment of this variable form unwarranted. Three subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- versicolor Vieillot, 1819 - breeds in S Canada from E British Columbia E to S Quebec and Newfoundland, S in USA (E of Rocky Mts and W of Appalachians) to C Texas and W Mississippi; winters S to S Texas and E to South Carolina.
- stonei Chapman, 1935 - E USA from New Jersey and Pennsylvania S (mostly along Appalachians) to inland Louisiana, Alabama, Georgia and South Carolina.
- quiscula (Linnaeus, 1758) - SE USA on Atlantic and Gulf coasts from S North Carolina S to Louisiana and S Florida (including Florida Keys).
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 20 videos
Eating seeds and a worm. Locality Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada (ssp versicolor)
Ken Simonite 16 May 2012 43 weeks ago 15 sec 4.7
An adult bird on a branch Locality Point Pelee National Park, Leamington, Ontario, Canada (ssp versicolor)
Don DesJardin 30 April 2005 5 years ago 16 sec 4.6
A male at a feeder, puffing out the plumage and calling twice Locality Greenwich Audubon Centre, Connecticut, USA (United States) (ssp versicolor)
Josep del Hoyo 1 May 2006 6 years ago 45 sec 4.6
Four birds at a feeder, including close-ups of a purple male Locality Greenwich Audubon Centre, Connecticut, USA (United States) (ssp versicolor)
Josep del Hoyo 1 May 2006 6 years ago 50 sec 4.3
An young individual perched on a branch, looking around. Locality Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago, Illinois, USA (United States)
Josep del Hoyo 16 June 2012 37 weeks ago 21 sec 4.2
Two males displaying at the water’s edge Locality Central Park, New York City, New York, USA (United States) (ssp versicolor)
Josep del Hoyo 2 April 2000 10 years ago 19 sec 4
PhotosSee all 35 photos
Locality Biscayne National Park, Miami-Dade County, Florida, USA (United States)
Paul Cools 3 February 2009 28 weeks ago 4.7
This bird was on a ledge.
Locality Missouri, USA (United States)
Dannie Polley 24 May 2012 51 weeks ago 4.5
Female - perched on a spruce tree branch
Locality Pambrun, Saskatchewan, Canada (ssp versicolor)
Blair Wainman 26 April 2010 3 years ago 4.3
Leucistic adult. Hudson Highlands Nature Museum, Cornwall-on-Hudson, NY
Locality New York, USA (United States)
Lee Hunter 7 March 2012 10 weeks ago 4
Dorsal view of a male on a branch
Locality Mill Race Trail, St. Jacobs, Ontario, Canada
Miriam Bauman 23 May 2011 1 year ago 4
Male with a beak full of insects.
Locality Linear Trail, Cambridge, Ontario, Canada (ssp versicolor)
Miriam Bauman 13 May 2011 2 years ago 4