Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula) - HBW 16, p. 778
French: Quiscale bronzé
Spanish: Zanate Común
Other common names: Florida Grackle (quiscula); Bronzed Grackle (versicolor); Purple Grackle (stonei)
Taxonomy: G.[racula] Quiscula Linnaeus, 1758, coast of South Carolina, USA.
According to DNA data, this species is ancestral to other members of genus. In the past, races versicolor and stonei were sometimes treated as two separate species. Further, these two races intergrade in E USA from Connecticut S to Louisiana; intermediate populations described as a distinct race, ridgwayi, but such treatment of this variable form unwarranted. Three subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- versicolor Vieillot, 1819 - breeds in S Canada from E British Columbia E to S Quebec and Newfoundland, S in USA (E of Rocky Mts and W of Appalachians) to C Texas and W Mississippi; winters S to S Texas and E to South Carolina.
- stonei Chapman, 1935 - E USA from New Jersey and Pennsylvania S (mostly along Appalachians) to inland Louisiana, Alabama, Georgia and South Carolina.
- quiscula (Linnaeus, 1758) - SE USA on Atlantic and Gulf coasts from S North Carolina S to Louisiana and S Florida (including Florida Keys).
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 26 videos
An adult bird on a branch Locality Point Pelee National Park, Leamington, Ontario, Canada (ssp versicolor)
Don DesJardin 30 April 2005 7 years ago 16 sec 4.7
Eating seeds and a worm. Locality Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada (ssp versicolor)
Ken Simonite 16 May 2012 2 years ago 15 sec 4.7
A male at a feeder, puffing out the plumage and calling twice Locality Greenwich Audubon Centre, Connecticut, USA (United States) (ssp versicolor)
Josep del Hoyo 1 May 2006 8 years ago 45 sec 4.6
Four birds at a feeder, including close-ups of a purple male Locality Greenwich Audubon Centre, Connecticut, USA (United States) (ssp versicolor)
Josep del Hoyo 1 May 2006 8 years ago 50 sec 4.3
An young individual perched on a branch, looking around. Locality Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago, Illinois, USA (United States)
Josep del Hoyo 16 June 2012 2 years ago 21 sec 4.2
Two males displaying at the water’s edge Locality Central Park, New York City, New York, USA (United States) (ssp versicolor)
Josep del Hoyo 2 April 2000 12 years ago 19 sec 4
PhotosSee all 59 photos
Male ssp. stonei.
Locality Margate City, Atlantic County, New Jersey, USA (United States) (ssp stonei)
email@example.com 23 April 2011 13 weeks ago 4.7
This bird was on a ledge.
Locality Missouri, USA (United States)
Dannie Polley 24 May 2012 2 years ago 4.5
A male Common Grackle calling.
Locality Florida, USA (United States)
Hal and Kirsten Snyder 18 October 2014 18 weeks ago 4.5
Locality Biscayne National Park, Miami-Dade County, Florida, USA (United States)
Paul Cools 3 February 2009 2 years ago 4.5
Leucistic adult. Hudson Highlands Nature Museum, Cornwall-on-Hudson, NY
Locality New York, USA (United States)
Lee Hunter 7 March 2012 1 year ago 4.4
Locality Philadelphia Zoo, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, USA (United States) (ssp stonei)
firstname.lastname@example.org 1 June 1991 13 weeks ago 4.3