Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula) - HBW 16, p. 778
French: Quiscale bronzé
Spanish: Zanate Común
Other common names: Florida Grackle (quiscula); Bronzed Grackle (versicolor); Purple Grackle (stonei)
Taxonomy: G.[racula] Quiscula Linnaeus, 1758, coast of South Carolina, USA.
According to DNA data, this species is ancestral to other members of genus. In the past, races versicolor and stonei were sometimes treated as two separate species. Further, these two races intergrade in E USA from Connecticut S to Louisiana; intermediate populations described as a distinct race, ridgwayi, but such treatment of this variable form unwarranted. Three subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- versicolor Vieillot, 1819 - breeds in S Canada from E British Columbia E to S Quebec and Newfoundland, S in USA (E of Rocky Mts and W of Appalachians) to C Texas and W Mississippi; winters S to S Texas and E to South Carolina.
- stonei Chapman, 1935 - E USA from New Jersey and Pennsylvania S (mostly along Appalachians) to inland Louisiana, Alabama, Georgia and South Carolina.
- quiscula (Linnaeus, 1758) - SE USA on Atlantic and Gulf coasts from S North Carolina S to Louisiana and S Florida (including Florida Keys).
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 26 videos
An adult bird on a branch Locality Point Pelee National Park, Leamington, Ontario, Canada (ssp versicolor)
Don DesJardin 30 April 2005 7 years ago 16 sec 4.7
Eating seeds and a worm. Locality Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada (ssp versicolor)
Ken Simonite 16 May 2012 2 years ago 15 sec 4.7
A male at a feeder, puffing out the plumage and calling twice Locality Greenwich Audubon Centre, Connecticut, USA (United States) (ssp versicolor)
Josep del Hoyo 1 May 2006 7 years ago 45 sec 4.6
Four birds at a feeder, including close-ups of a purple male Locality Greenwich Audubon Centre, Connecticut, USA (United States) (ssp versicolor)
Josep del Hoyo 1 May 2006 7 years ago 50 sec 4.3
An young individual perched on a branch, looking around. Locality Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago, Illinois, USA (United States)
Josep del Hoyo 16 June 2012 2 years ago 21 sec 4.2
Two males displaying at the water’s edge Locality Central Park, New York City, New York, USA (United States) (ssp versicolor)
Josep del Hoyo 2 April 2000 12 years ago 19 sec 4
PhotosSee all 49 photos
Locality Biscayne National Park, Miami-Dade County, Florida, USA (United States)
Paul Cools 3 February 2009 1 year ago 4.7
This bird was on a ledge.
Locality Missouri, USA (United States)
Dannie Polley 24 May 2012 2 years ago 4.5
Leucistic adult. Hudson Highlands Nature Museum, Cornwall-on-Hudson, NY
Locality New York, USA (United States)
Lee Hunter 7 March 2012 1 year ago 4.4
Female - perched on a spruce tree branch
Locality Pambrun, Saskatchewan, Canada (ssp versicolor)
Blair Wainman 26 April 2010 4 years ago 4.3
An adult male showing iridescence.
Locality Tillebrook Provincial Park, Brooks, Alberta, Canada (ssp versicolor)
Ken Havard 27 April 2014 20 weeks ago 4.2
Foraging for spilled corn around a grain bin
Locality Bloomfield, Prince Edward County, Ontario, Canada
Ian Barker 17 April 2014 21 weeks ago 4.2