Ducks, Geese and Swans (Anatidae)

Common Eider (Somateria mollissima) - HBW 1, p. 621

French: Eider àduvet German: Eiderente Spanish: Eider Común
Other common names: Eider, Eider Duck

Taxonomy: Anas mollissima Linnaeus, 1758, northern Europe.
Closely linked to S. spectabilis, with which frequently hybridizes in the wild. Six subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • mollissima (Linnaeus, 1758) - NW Europe E to Novaya Zemlya.
  • faeroeensis C.L.Brehm, 1831 - Faeroe Is.
  • v nigra G.R.Gray, 1856 - New Siberian Is (NE Siberia) E to NW North America.

     See all 6 subspecies
  • mollissima (Linnaeus, 1758) - NW Europe E to Novaya Zemlya.
  • faeroeensis C.L.Brehm, 1831 - Faeroe Is.
  • v nigra G.R.Gray, 1856 - New Siberian Is (NE Siberia) E to NW North America.
  • borealis (C.L.Brehm, 1824) - Arctic Atlantic from Baffin I E through Greenland and Iceland to Franz Josef Land.
  • sedentaria Snyder, 1941 - Hudson Bay region.
  • dresseri Sharpe, 1871 - Atlantic NE North America.