Hawks and Eagles (Accipitridae)

Common Black Hawk (Buteogallus anthracinus) - HBW 2, p. 173

French: Buse noire German: Krabbenbussard Spanish: Busardo negro Norteño
Other common names: (Lesser) Black Hawk; Cuban Black Hawk (gundlachii)

Taxonomy: Falco anthracinus Deppe, 1830, Veracruz, Mexico.
Taxonomy controversial: sometimes considered to include B. subtilis; race gundlachii may be valid species; races gundlachii and especially utilensis sometimes included in nominate; populations of St Vincent (Lesser Antilles) and SW USA sometimes awarded separate races, respectively cancrivora and micronyx. Forms superspecies with B. subtilis. Three subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • anthracinus (Deppe, 1830) - SW & S USA (S Utah and Arizona to Texas) through Central America to Panama and N Colombia, then along Caribbean coast to NW Guyana, Trinidad and St Vincent (Lesser Antilles); penetrates inland to Huila, Colombia.
  • gundlachii (Cabanis, 1855) - Cuba and I of Pines.
  • utilensis Twomey, 1956 - Cancún I and Cozumel I, off Yucatán; Utila I and Guanaja I, in Gulf of Honduras; and perhaps other adjacent islands.