Thrushes (Turdidae)

Cocoa Thrush (Turdus fumigatus) - HBW 10, p. 667

French: Merle cacao German: Kakaodrossel Spanish: Zorzal Cacao
Other common names: Sabian Thrush; Lesser Antillean Thrush (bondi, personus)

Taxonomy: Turdus fumigatus M. H. K. Lichtenstein, 1823, River Espírito Santo, Brazil.
Forms a superspecies with T. obsoletus and T. hauxwelli, and all three possibly better treated as conspecific; present species probably closer to latter. Race orinocensis sometimes included in T. obsoletus. Races personus and bondi have in the past been considered to represent a separate species. Geographical variation to large extent clinal, and some races possibly not tenable. Five subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • bondi Deignan, 1951 - St Vincent, in S Lesser Antilles.
  • personus (Barbour, 1911) - Grenada, in S Lesser Antilles.
  • aquilonalis (Cherrie, 1909) - NE Colombia, N & E Venezuela and Trinidad.

     See all 5 subspecies
  • bondi Deignan, 1951 - St Vincent, in S Lesser Antilles.
  • personus (Barbour, 1911) - Grenada, in S Lesser Antilles.
  • aquilonalis (Cherrie, 1909) - NE Colombia, N & E Venezuela and Trinidad.
  • orinocensis J. T. Zimmer & Phelps, Sr, 1955 - W Venezuela and E Colombia.
  • fumigatus M. H. K. Lichtenstein, 1823 - the Guianas and N & E Brazil.
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