Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Chestnut Woodpecker (Celeus elegans) - HBW 7, p. 521

French: Pic mordoré German: Fahlkopfspecht Spanish: Carpintero Elegante
Other common names: Elegant Woodpecker, Pale-crowned Crested Woodpecker; Russet-crested/Rufous-crested Woodpecker (elegans group); Chestnut-crested Woodpecker (jumanus group); Yellow-crested Woodpecker (leotaudi)

Taxonomy: Picus elegans P. L. S. Müller, 1776, Cayenne.
Possibly forms a superspecies with C. castaneus, C. lugubris and C. flavescens. Dark-crowned, short-crested races jumanus and citreopygius sometimes considered to form a separate species. Birds from upper R Branco, in N Brazil, described as race approximans, but appear inseparable from nominate; proposed race saturatus (N Bolivia) indistinguishable from jumanus. Form “C. immaculatus”, known only from type specimen, supposedly from Panama, appears to be an aberrant form of nominate race of present species with erroneous localit.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Picus elegans P. L. S. Müller, 1776, Cayenne.
Possibly forms a superspecies with C. castaneus, C. lugubris and C. flavescens. Dark-crowned, short-crested races jumanus and citreopygius sometimes considered to form a separate species. Birds from upper R Branco, in N Brazil, described as race approximans, but appear inseparable from nominate; proposed race saturatus (N Bolivia) indistinguishable from jumanus. Form “C. immaculatus”, known only from type specimen, supposedly from Panama, appears to be an aberrant form of nominate race of present species with erroneous locality data. Six subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • hellmayri Berlepsch, 1908 - E Venezuela, Guyana and most of Surinam.
  • leotaudi Hellmayr, 1906 - Trinidad.
  • deltanus Phelps, Sr. & Phelps, Jr., 1950 - Delta Amacuro (NE Venezuela).

     See all 6 subspecies
  • hellmayri Berlepsch, 1908 - E Venezuela, Guyana and most of Surinam.
  • leotaudi Hellmayr, 1906 - Trinidad.
  • deltanus Phelps, Sr. & Phelps, Jr., 1950 - Delta Amacuro (NE Venezuela).
  • elegans (P. L. S. Müller, 1776) - E Surinam, French Guiana, and N Brazil N of Amazon (Roraima to Amapá).
  • jumanus (Spix, 1824) - E Colombia and S Venezuela (Amazonas, S Bolívar) through W & C Brazil (N of Amazon E to R Negro and S of Amazon E to Maranhão, and S to Rondônia and Mato Grosso) to N Bolivia.
  • citreopygius P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1868 - E Ecuador and E Peru.
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