Starlings (Sturnidae)

Chestnut-winged Starling (Onychognathus fulgidus) - HBW 14, p. 742

French: Rufipenne de forêt German: Kastanienflügelstar Spanish: Estornino Alirrufo
Other common names: Common Chestnut-winged/Forest Chestnut-winged Starling

Taxonomy: Onychognathus fulgidus Hartlaub, 1849, São Tomé.
Races sometimes treated as two separate species. Notable variation, but much local overlap prevents meaningful classification into more than one mainland subspecies: birds E & S from Cameroon sometimes separated as race intermedius, supposedly intermediate in size between nominate and hartlaubii and with more bluish iridescence on head; birds of Upper Guinea previously separated as race harterti; name hartlaubii, with type locality of Bioko, thus variously applied to groups of W or E, or, as here, to all mainland populations; proposed race leoninus (Sier.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Onychognathus fulgidus Hartlaub, 1849, São Tomé.
Races sometimes treated as two separate species. Notable variation, but much local overlap prevents meaningful classification into more than one mainland subspecies: birds E & S from Cameroon sometimes separated as race intermedius, supposedly intermediate in size between nominate and hartlaubii and with more bluish iridescence on head; birds of Upper Guinea previously separated as race harterti; name hartlaubii, with type locality of Bioko, thus variously applied to groups of W or E, or, as here, to all mainland populations; proposed race leoninus (Sierra Leone) included within hartlaubii. Two subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • fulgidus Hartlaub, 1849 - São Tomé I, in Gulf of Guinea.
  • hartlaubii Hartlaub, 1858 - S Guinea, N & S Sierra Leone and Liberia E to Ghana, S Nigeria, and S Cameroon S, including Bioko I (Fernando Póo), to N Angola (E to NW Lunda Norte) and E to S Sudan (Begengai), W Uganda and NE & EC DRCongo.

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