Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Caribbean Elaenia (Elaenia martinica) - HBW 9, p. 267

French: Élénie siffleuse German: Weißkinn-Olivtyrann Spanish: Fiofío Caribeño
Other common names: Chinchorro Elaenia (chinchorrensis)

Taxonomy: [Muscicapa] martinica Linnaeus, 1766, Martinique.
Probably a Caribbean sister-taxon of E. chiriquensis. Race chinchorrensis considered possibly a separate species by some authors. Seven subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • remota Berlepsch, 1907 - islands off Quintana Roo (Cozumel, Holbox, Meco, Mujeres, Culebra Cay), in SE Mexico.
  • chinchorrensis Griscom, 1926 - Chinchorro Bank (Great Cay), off Quintana Roo (SE Mexico), and outermost cays off Belize (Half-moon Cay, Middle Cay, Glover’s Reef).
  • cinerescens Ridgway, 1884 - islands of Old Providence, St Andrew’s and Santa Catalina, E of Honduras.

     See all 7 subspecies
  • remota Berlepsch, 1907 - islands off Quintana Roo (Cozumel, Holbox, Meco, Mujeres, Culebra Cay), in SE Mexico.
  • chinchorrensis Griscom, 1926 - Chinchorro Bank (Great Cay), off Quintana Roo (SE Mexico), and outermost cays off Belize (Half-moon Cay, Middle Cay, Glover’s Reef).
  • cinerescens Ridgway, 1884 - islands of Old Providence, St Andrew’s and Santa Catalina, E of Honduras.
  • caymanensis Berlepsch, 1907 - Cayman Is.
  • riisii P. L. Sclater, 1860 - Puerto Rico and offshore islands (Culebra, Culebrita, Vieques, Southwest Cay), Virgin Is, Anguilla, St Martin, St Bartholomew, Antigua and Barbuda, and Netherlands Antilles (Aruba, Curaçao, Bonaire).
  • martinica (Linnaeus, 1766) - Lesser Antilles from Saba and St Eustatius S to Grenada (probably excluding Grenadines).
  • barbadensis Cory, 1888 - Barbados.