Larks (Alaudidae)

Calandra Lark (Melanocorypha calandra) - HBW 9, p. 579

French: Alouette calandre German: Kalanderlerche Spanish: Calandria Común
Other common names: European Calandra Lark

Taxonomy: Alauda calandra Linnaeus, 1766, Pyrenees, Spain-France border.
Geographical variation rather slight, and small clinal increase in size from W to E. Described race dathei (from SE Turkey) considered synonymous with gaza. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • calandra (Linnaeus, 1766) - Iberia and S France E to S Russia and NW Kazakhstan, S (including Mediterranean islands of Sardinia, Sicily, Crete, Cyprus) to NW Africa (N Morocco E to NW Libya), Turkey (except SC & SE), Transcaucasia and NW Iran.
  • hebraica Meinertzhagen, 1920 - SC Turkey and adjacent NW Syria S to Israel, Palestine and W Jordan.
  • gaza Meinertzhagen, 1919 - SE Turkey, E Syria, Iraq and SW Iran.
  • psammochroa Hartert, 1904 - N Iraq and N Iran (Zagros Mts E to Khorasan) E to Turkmenistan and E Kazakhstan.