Calandra Lark (Melanocorypha calandra) - HBW 9, p. 579
French: Alouette calandre
Spanish: Calandria Común
Other common names: European Calandra Lark
Taxonomy: Alauda calandra Linnaeus, 1766, Pyrenees, Spain-France border.
Geographical variation rather slight, and small clinal increase in size from W to E. Described race dathei (from SE Turkey) considered synonymous with gaza. Four subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- calandra (Linnaeus, 1766) - Iberia and S France E to S Russia and NW Kazakhstan, S (including Mediterranean islands of Sardinia, Sicily, Crete, Cyprus) to NW Africa (N Morocco E to NW Libya), Turkey (except SC & SE), Transcaucasia and NW Iran.
- hebraica Meinertzhagen, 1920 - SC Turkey and adjacent NW Syria S to Israel, Palestine and W Jordan.
- gaza Meinertzhagen, 1919 - SE Turkey, E Syria, Iraq and SW Iran.
- psammochroa Hartert, 1904 - N Iraq and N Iran (Zagros Mts E to Khorasan) E to Turkmenistan and E Kazakhstan.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 34 videos
A bird singing on the ground Locality Calera y Chozas, Toledo, Castile-La Mancha, Spain
Juan Sanabria 1 May 2013 1 year ago 1 min 19 sec 4.9
A bird drinking, carrying a tick on its left foot Locality Jaulín, Zaragoza, Aragón, Spain (ssp calandra)
Jesús Laborda 7 July 2007 6 years ago 48 sec 4.8
An individual shaking the head and drinking. Locality Épila, Zaragoza, Aragón, Spain (ssp calandra)
Jesús Laborda 5 June 2010 3 years ago 57 sec 4.6
A bird drinking. Locality Épila, Zaragoza, Aragón, Spain (ssp calandra)
Jesús Laborda 5 June 2010 3 years ago 1 min 1 sec 4.6
A bird on the ground, in the prairie Locality Calera y Chozas, Toledo, Castile-La Mancha, Spain
Juan Sanabria 1 May 2013 1 year ago 36 sec 4.3
A bird panting, shaking the plumage and keeping anti-heating posture. Another individual on the background at the end of the cli Locality Zaragoza, Aragón, Spain (ssp calandra)
Jesús Laborda 24 June 2010 3 years ago 21 sec 4.3
PhotosSee all 28 photos
Locality Valley of Tears, Golan Heights, Israel
Lior Kislev 17 April 2011 3 years ago 4.6
A male singing with open wings
Locality Udabno, Kakheti Region, Georgia (ssp calandra)
Lars Petersson 5 May 2013 25 weeks ago 4.5
At the morning, birds go to drink in a few pool.
Locality El Planerón Ornithological Reserve, Belchite, Zaragoza, Aragón, Spain
Pere Monistrol 1 August 2013 37 weeks ago 4.4
An adult standing on a pole
Locality Los Llanos de Cáceres, Cáceres, Extremadura, Spain (ssp calandra)
Eduardo de Juana 16 May 2008 51 weeks ago 4.3
A juvenile on the ground.
Locality Muel, Zaragoza, Aragón, Spain (ssp calandra)
Jesús Laborda 11 July 2011 3 years ago 4.3
Chicks just hatched in their nest.
Locality Buzachi Peninsula, Mangystau Province, Kazakhstan (ssp calandra)
Christophe Gouraud 10 May 2009 4 years ago 4.3
Song flight of an adulot male Locality Chachuna Reserve, Kakheti Region, Georgia
Helmut Schenkel Brunner 29 April 2011 3 years ago 4
a bird perched Locality Timoneda d'Alfés, Lleida Province, Catalonia, Spain
Jordi Calvet 15 May 2011 3 years ago 4
Click to play
A male displaying in flight (use headphones) Locality El Planerón Ornithological Reserve, Belchite, Zaragoza, Aragón, Spain
Eric Roualet 1 March 2014 18 weeks ago 0