Calandra Lark (Melanocorypha calandra) - HBW 9, p. 579
French: Alouette calandre
Spanish: Calandria Común
Other common names: European Calandra Lark
Taxonomy: Alauda calandra Linnaeus, 1766, Pyrenees, Spain-France border.
Geographical variation rather slight, and small clinal increase in size from W to E. Described race dathei (from SE Turkey) considered synonymous with gaza. Four subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- calandra (Linnaeus, 1766) - Iberia and S France E to S Russia and NW Kazakhstan, S (including Mediterranean islands of Sardinia, Sicily, Crete, Cyprus) to NW Africa (N Morocco E to NW Libya), Turkey (except SC & SE), Transcaucasia and NW Iran.
- hebraica Meinertzhagen, 1920 - SC Turkey and adjacent NW Syria S to Israel, Palestine and W Jordan.
- gaza Meinertzhagen, 1919 - SE Turkey, E Syria, Iraq and SW Iran.
- psammochroa Hartert, 1904 - N Iraq and N Iran (Zagros Mts E to Khorasan) E to Turkmenistan and E Kazakhstan.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 37 videos
A bird singing on the ground Locality Calera y Chozas, Toledo, Castile-La Mancha, Spain
Juan Sanabria 1 May 2013 1 year ago 1 min 19 sec 4.9
A bird drinking, carrying a tick on its left foot Locality Jaulín, Zaragoza, Aragón, Spain (ssp calandra)
Jesús Laborda 7 July 2007 7 years ago 48 sec 4.8
An individual shaking the head and drinking. Locality Épila, Zaragoza, Aragón, Spain (ssp calandra)
Jesús Laborda 5 June 2010 4 years ago 57 sec 4.7
A bird drinking. Locality Épila, Zaragoza, Aragón, Spain (ssp calandra)
Jesús Laborda 5 June 2010 4 years ago 1 min 1 sec 4.6
Calandra lark - Boğmaklı Toygar in Enez Locality Enez, Edirne Province, Turkey
NuhNaci 20 May 2011 7 weeks ago 25 sec 4.5
A bird on the ground, in the prairie Locality Calera y Chozas, Toledo, Castile-La Mancha, Spain
Juan Sanabria 1 May 2013 1 year ago 36 sec 4.5
PhotosSee all 32 photos
A male singing with open wings
Locality Udabno, Kakheti Region, Georgia (ssp calandra)
Lars Petersson 5 May 2013 51 weeks ago 4.6
Locality Valley of Tears (Bacha Valley), Golan Heights, Israel (ssp hebraica)
Lior Kislev 17 April 2011 3 years ago 4.6
One bird with pray worms
Locality Lake Kulu, Konya Province, Turkey
Mustafa Sozen 2 May 2010 5 weeks ago 4.5
At the morning, birds go to drink in a few pool.
Locality El Planerón Ornithological Reserve, Belchite, Zaragoza, Aragón, Spain
Pere Monistrol 1 August 2013 1 year ago 4.4
An adult standing on a pole
Locality Los Llanos de Cáceres, Cáceres, Extremadura, Spain (ssp calandra)
Eduardo de Juana 16 May 2008 1 year ago 4.4
A juvenile on the ground.
Locality Muel, Zaragoza, Aragón, Spain (ssp calandra)
Jesús Laborda 11 July 2011 3 years ago 4.3
Song flight of an adulot male Locality Chachuna Reserve, Kakheti Region, Georgia
Helmut Schenkel Brunner 29 April 2011 3 years ago 4.3
a bird perched Locality Timoneda d'Alfés, Alfés, Lleida Province, Catalonia, Spain
Jordi Calvet 15 May 2011 3 years ago 4.3
Click to play
A male singing. Locality Tamgaly, Almaty Province, Kazakhstan
Eric Roualet 27 May 2012 16 weeks ago 0
Click to play
A male displaying in flight (use headphones) Locality El Planerón Ornithological Reserve, Belchite, Zaragoza, Aragón, Spain
Eric Roualet 1 March 2014 44 weeks ago 0