Calandra Lark (Melanocorypha calandra) - HBW 9, p. 579
French: Alouette calandre
Spanish: Calandria Común
Other common names: European Calandra Lark
Taxonomy: Alauda calandra Linnaeus, 1766, Pyrenees, Spain-France border.
Geographical variation rather slight, and small clinal increase in size from W to E. Described race dathei (from SE Turkey) considered synonymous with gaza. Four subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- calandra (Linnaeus, 1766) - Iberia and S France E to S Russia and NW Kazakhstan, S (including Mediterranean islands of Sardinia, Sicily, Crete, Cyprus) to NW Africa (N Morocco E to NW Libya), Turkey (except SC & SE), Transcaucasia and NW Iran.
- hebraica Meinertzhagen, 1920 - SC Turkey and adjacent NW Syria S to Israel, Palestine and W Jordan.
- gaza Meinertzhagen, 1919 - SE Turkey, E Syria, Iraq and SW Iran.
- psammochroa Hartert, 1904 - N Iraq and N Iran (Zagros Mts E to Khorasan) E to Turkmenistan and E Kazakhstan.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 53 videos
A bird drinking, its image reflected on the water. Locality Castuera, Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain (ssp calandra)
Josep del Hoyo 27 July 2014 15 weeks ago 44 sec 5
A bird drinking water and flying away. Locality Castuera, Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain (ssp calandra)
Josep del Hoyo 27 July 2014 15 weeks ago 35 sec 5
A bird singing on the ground Locality Calera y Chozas, Toledo, Castile-La Mancha, Spain
Juan Sanabria 1 May 2013 2 years ago 1 min 19 sec 4.9
A bird drinking, carrying a tick on its left foot Locality Jaulín, Zaragoza, Aragón, Spain (ssp calandra)
Jesús Laborda 7 July 2007 7 years ago 48 sec 4.8
A bird approaching to a puddle to drink, and then close-up. Locality Castuera, Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain (ssp calandra)
Josep del Hoyo 26 July 2014 16 weeks ago 34 sec 4.7
An individual shaking the head and drinking. Locality Épila, Zaragoza, Aragón, Spain (ssp calandra)
Jesús Laborda 5 June 2010 4 years ago 57 sec 4.7
PhotosSee all 35 photos
A male singing with open wings
Locality Udabno, Kakheti Region, Georgia (ssp calandra)
Lars Petersson 5 May 2013 1 year ago 4.6
Locality Valley of Tears (Bacha Valley), Golan Heights, Israel (ssp hebraica)
Lior Kislev 17 April 2011 4 years ago 4.6
One bird with pray worms
Locality Lake Kulu, Konya Province, Turkey
Mustafa Sozen 2 May 2010 30 weeks ago 4.5
At the morning, birds go to drink in a few pool.
Locality El Planerón Ornithological Reserve, Belchite, Zaragoza, Aragón, Spain
Pere Monistrol 1 August 2013 1 year ago 4.4
An adult standing on a pole
Locality Los Llanos de Cáceres, Cáceres, Extremadura, Spain (ssp calandra)
Eduardo de Juana 16 May 2008 1 year ago 4.4
A juvenile on the ground.
Locality Muel, Zaragoza, Aragón, Spain (ssp calandra)
Jesús Laborda 11 July 2011 4 years ago 4.3
Song flight of an adulot male Locality Chachuna Reserve, Kakheti Region, Georgia
Helmut Schenkel Brunner 29 April 2011 4 years ago 4.3
a bird perched Locality Timoneda d'Alfés, Alfés, Lleida Province, Catalonia, Spain
Jordi Calvet 15 May 2011 4 years ago 4.3
Click to play
A male singing. Locality Tamgaly, Almaty Province, Kazakhstan
Eric Roualet 27 May 2012 41 weeks ago 0
Click to play
A male displaying in flight (use headphones) Locality El Planerón Ornithological Reserve, Belchite, Zaragoza, Aragón, Spain
Eric Roualet 1 March 2014 1 year ago 0