Wrens (Troglodytidae)

Cactus Wren (Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus) - HBW 10, p. 403

French: Troglodyte des cactus German: Kaktuszaunkönig Spanish: Cucarachero Desértico
Other common names: Northern Cactus Wren

Taxonomy: Picolaptes brunneicapillus Lafresnaye, 1835, California; error = Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico.
Has been thought by some to form a superspecies with C. jocosus and C. yucatanicus. Sometimes regarded as conspecific with latter, but differs significantly in plumage, voice, behaviour and nest form. USA and N Mexican population sometimes referred to as race anthonyi, but name couesi has priority. Eight subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • couesi Sharpe, 1882 - S USA (S Nevada, SW Utah, S Arizona, S New Mexico, S Texas) and NW & NC Mexico (N Sonora, N & E Chihuahua, N Coahuila).
  • sandiegense Rea, 1986 - extreme SW USA (coastal S California) and NW Baja California.
  • bryanti (Anthony, 1894) - W coast of Baja California (between 31º N and 29º30’ N).

     See all 8 subspecies
  • couesi Sharpe, 1882 - S USA (S Nevada, SW Utah, S Arizona, S New Mexico, S Texas) and NW & NC Mexico (N Sonora, N & E Chihuahua, N Coahuila).
  • sandiegense Rea, 1986 - extreme SW USA (coastal S California) and NW Baja California.
  • bryanti (Anthony, 1894) - W coast of Baja California (between 31º N and 29º30’ N).
  • purus (van Rossem, 1930) - both coasts of Baja California between c. 29º N and 25º N.
  • seri (van Rossem, 1932) - Tiburón I, in Gulf of California.
  • affinis Xántus de Vesey, 1860 - S Baja California (S from 25º N).
  • brunneicapillus (Lafresnaye, 1835) - NW Mexico (C Sonora S to N Sinaloa).
  • guttatus (Gould, 1837) - C Mexican plateau from Nuevo León S to Michoacán and Hidalgo.