Typical Owls (Strigidae)

Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia) - HBW 5, p. 227

French: Chevêche des terriers German: Kaninchenkauz Spanish: Mochuelo de Madriguera

Taxonomy: Strix Cunicularia Molina, 1782, Chile.
Sometimes placed in separate monotypic genus Speotyto on basis of morphological and karyotypic differences, but osteological features and DNA support inclusion in Athene. Some of the races described could reflect merely individual variation or intergrading populations, and thus probably not acceptable; subspecific taxa and delimitations require critical re-evaluation with modern systematic methods, although some certainly appear distinct. Lesser Antilles races amaura and guadeloupensis extinct. Nineteen extant subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • hypugaea (Bonaparte, 1825) - from S Canada, W of E edge of Great Plains, S to El Salvador.
  • rostrata (C. H. Townsend, 1890) - Clarión I in Revillagigedo Is (off W Mexico).
  • floridana (Ridgway, 1874) - Florida (also, marginally, Georgia) and Bahamas; also (possibly this race) Cuba and I of Pines.

     See all 19 subspecies
  • hypugaea (Bonaparte, 1825) - from S Canada, W of E edge of Great Plains, S to El Salvador.
  • rostrata (C. H. Townsend, 1890) - Clarión I in Revillagigedo Is (off W Mexico).
  • floridana (Ridgway, 1874) - Florida (also, marginally, Georgia) and Bahamas; also (possibly this race) Cuba and I of Pines.
  • troglodytes (Wetmore & Swales, 1931) - Hispaniola, including Gonâve I and Beata I.
  • arubensis (Cory, 1915) - Aruba (Netherlands Antilles).
  • brachyptera (Richmond, 1896) - Margarita I, off N Venezuela.
  • apurensis (Gilliard, 1940) - NC Venezuela.
  • minor (Cory, 1918) - S Guyana and extreme N Brazil (Roraima).
  • carrikeri (Stone, 1922) - E Colombia.
  • tolimae (Stone, 1899) - W Colombia.
  • pichinchae (von Boetticher, 1929) - W Ecuador.
  • punensis (Chapman, 1914) - SW Ecuador, NW Peru.
  • intermedia (Cory, 1915) - W Peru.
  • nanodes (Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1892) - SW Peru.
  • juninensis (Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1902) - C Peru to W Bolivia and NW Argentina.
  • boliviana (L. Kelso, 1939) - Bolivia.
  • grallaria (Temminck, 1822) - C & E Brazil.
  • partridgei Olrog, 1976 - NE Argentina (Corrientes).
  • cunicularia (Molina, 1782) - S Bolivia and S Brazil S to Tierra del Fuego.