Cardinals (Cardinalidae)

Buff-throated Saltator (Saltator maximus) - HBW 16, p. 415

French: Saltator des grands-bois German: Buntkehlsaltator Spanish: Pepitero Gorjicanelo

Taxonomy: Tanagra maxima Statius Müller, 1776, Cayenne, French Guiana.
Affiliations of genus uncertain; recent molecular-genetic analyses indicate that it does not belong with present family, and may be better placed with tanagers (Thraupidae). Some races have been considered perhaps to merit treatment as separate species, but an orderly geographical sequence of characters across the species’ range is apparent. Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • gigantodes Cabanis, 1851 - Caribbean slope of Mexico from Veracruz S to N Oaxaca and Tabasco.
  • magnoides Lafresnaye, 1844 - S Mexico (Chiapas, S Campeche, S Quintana Roo) N Guatemala and Belize S on Caribbean slope to Nicaragua, Costa Rica and NW Panama.
  • intermedius Lawrence, 1864 - SW Costa Rica E to Canal Zone of Panama.

     See all 5 subspecies
  • gigantodes Cabanis, 1851 - Caribbean slope of Mexico from Veracruz S to N Oaxaca and Tabasco.
  • magnoides Lafresnaye, 1844 - S Mexico (Chiapas, S Campeche, S Quintana Roo) N Guatemala and Belize S on Caribbean slope to Nicaragua, Costa Rica and NW Panama.
  • intermedius Lawrence, 1864 - SW Costa Rica E to Canal Zone of Panama.
  • iungens Griscom, 1929 - E Panama and NW Colombia (E to lower R Cauca).
  • maximus (Statius Müller, 1776) - Colombia and Venezuela E to the Guianas, S to W & E Ecuador, E Peru, Brazil (Amazonia S to S Mato Grosso; also E coast from Pernambuco S to Rio de Janeiro) and NE Bolivia (Bení and Santa Cruz).