Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)

Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner (Philydor rufum) - HBW 8, p. 337

French: Anabate roux German: Ockerstirn-Blattspäher Spanish: Ticotico Ocráceo Grande
Other common names: Buff-fronted Leaf-gleaner

Taxonomy: Dendrocopus rufus Vieillot, 1818, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
No obvious close relatives. Racial identity of population in C Falcón, in Venezuela, uncertain; presumed to belong with race colombianum. Nominate race varies clinally in size, with smallest birds farthest S. Species name often spelt “rufus”, but must agree with neuter gender of genus. Seven subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • panerythrum P. L. Sclater, 1862 - highlands of Costa Rica and W Panama (E to W Chiriquí and Bocas del Toro), and C & E Andes of Colombia (Antioquia, Caldas, and W slope from Santander S to Cundinamarca).
  • colombianum Cabanis & Heine, 1859 - N Venezuela in C Falcón (Sierra de San Luis) and coastal mountains (Yaracuy, and Carabobo E to Miranda).
  • cuchiverus Phelps, Sr. & Phelps, Jr., 1949 - Cerro Calentura (N Amazonas) and Cerro El Negro (NW Bolívar), in S Venezuela.

     See all 7 subspecies
  • panerythrum P. L. Sclater, 1862 - highlands of Costa Rica and W Panama (E to W Chiriquí and Bocas del Toro), and C & E Andes of Colombia (Antioquia, Caldas, and W slope from Santander S to Cundinamarca).
  • colombianum Cabanis & Heine, 1859 - N Venezuela in C Falcón (Sierra de San Luis) and coastal mountains (Yaracuy, and Carabobo E to Miranda).
  • cuchiverus Phelps, Sr. & Phelps, Jr., 1949 - Cerro Calentura (N Amazonas) and Cerro El Negro (NW Bolívar), in S Venezuela.
  • riveti Menegaux & Hellmayr, 1906 - W Andes from Colombia (S from C Chocó) S to NW Ecuador (S to Pichincha, also El Oro).
  • bolivianum Berlepsch, 1907 - foothills of E slope from Ecuador (S from W Napo) S to C Bolivia (S to Chuquisaca).
  • chapadense J. T. Zimmer, 1935 - SW Brazil (Mato Grosso, S Goiás).
  • rufum (Vieillot, 1818) - E & SE Brazil (Minas Gerais, SE Bahia and Espirito Santo S to S Mato Grosso do Sul and N Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay and NE Argentina (Misiones, NE Corrientes).