Bush-shrikes (Malaconotidae)

Brubru (Nilaus afer) - HBW 14, p. 121

French: Brubru africain German: Brubruwürger Spanish: Brubrú
Other common names: Brubru Shrike; Southern Brubru (brubru); Northern Brubru (afer); Black-browed Brubru (nigritemporalis); Angola Brubru (affinis)

Taxonomy: Lanius afer Latham, 1801, Senegal.
An enigmatic, monotypic genus which has been placed variously in families Laniidae, Prionopidae and Muscicapidae; nest and tarsal scutellation like those of prionopids, and bill shape and juvenile plumage similar to those of laniids. Nest also very like those of Batis species (family Platysteiridae), as are white nape and back, fluffy rump and white wingstripe, in which respects this genus links present family and Platysteiridae; duet-singing and some aspects of breeding behaviour (destruction of own nest, parental sharing of nest duties), however, are typical of present family, and no.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Lanius afer Latham, 1801, Senegal.
An enigmatic, monotypic genus which has been placed variously in families Laniidae, Prionopidae and Muscicapidae; nest and tarsal scutellation like those of prionopids, and bill shape and juvenile plumage similar to those of laniids. Nest also very like those of Batis species (family Platysteiridae), as are white nape and back, fluffy rump and white wingstripe, in which respects this genus links present family and Platysteiridae; duet-singing and some aspects of breeding behaviour (destruction of own nest, parental sharing of nest duties), however, are typical of present family, and not of platysteirids. Race massaicus intergrades with nominate in NE Uganda (Karamoja); nigritemporalis intergrades with affinis and brubru in SE DRCongo (Katanga), and with solivagus in Zambia (middle Zambezi valley). Proposed race hilgerti (described from R Kassam, in E Ethiopia) synonymized with minor. Nine subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • afer ( Latham, 1801) - S Mauritania and Senegal E to Eritrea and NW Ethiopia, S to NW & C Cameroon, W & NW Central African Republic and NW Uganda; dry-season visitor in coastal Liberia and Ghana.
  • camerunensis Neumann, 1907 - Cameroon highlands, S Central African Republic, and N & NE DRCongo (E to N end of L Albert).
  • minor Sharpe, 1895 - SE Sudan, SE Ethiopia, Somalia (except NE), plateau country in N & E Kenya (S to Kerio valley, Baringo, Isiolo, Tsavo and Taru), and NE Tanzania.

     See all 9 subspecies
  • afer ( Latham, 1801) - S Mauritania and Senegal E to Eritrea and NW Ethiopia, S to NW & C Cameroon, W & NW Central African Republic and NW Uganda; dry-season visitor in coastal Liberia and Ghana.
  • camerunensis Neumann, 1907 - Cameroon highlands, S Central African Republic, and N & NE DRCongo (E to N end of L Albert).
  • minor Sharpe, 1895 - SE Sudan, SE Ethiopia, Somalia (except NE), plateau country in N & E Kenya (S to Kerio valley, Baringo, Isiolo, Tsavo and Taru), and NE Tanzania.
  • massaicus Neumann, 1907 - NE DRCongo, Uganda, Kenya (except N & E) and N Tanzania (Serengeti S to Shinyanga).
  • affinis Bocage, 1878 - N Angola and S DRCongo (Kasai, and Katanga E to Mt Kabobo).
  • nigritemporalis Reichenow, 1892 - E Angola, S & SE DRCongo and Tanzania (except far NW & NE) S to Zambia (except extreme SW), Zimbabwe (in middle Zambezi valley), Malawi and Mozambique (except extreme S).
  • brubru ( Latham, 1801) - SW & W Angola, extreme SW Zambia, Namibia, Botswana, W Zimbabwe, N South Africa (W Limpopo S to extreme N Northern Cape and W Free State) and W Swaziland.
  • solivagus Clancey, 1958 - C plateau of Zimbabwe, SW Mozambique (W Sul do Save), N South Africa (N & E Limpopo, KwaZulu-Natal) and E Swaziland.
  • miombensis Clancey, 1971 - extreme SE Zimbabwe (around Marhumbini), SE Mozambique lowlands and NE South Africa (coastal KwaZulu-Natal).
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