Brown Shrike (Lanius cristatus) - HBW 13, p. 777
Other common names: Red-tailed Shrike; Japanese Shrike (superciliosus); Philippine Shrike (lucionensis)
cristatus Linnaeus, 1758, Bengal, India.
Thought to form a superspecies with L. collurio and L. isabellinus; has in the past been considered conspecific with one or both of those, but recent genetic analyses support treatment as separate species. Occasional hybridization with L. collurio recorded in C Asia. Geographical variation partially clinal; race confusus poorly differentiated, intergrades with nominate and perhaps better merged with it. Four subspecies currently recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- cristatus Linnaeus, 1758 - breeds C & E Siberia S to N Mongolia, L Baikal area, N Sakhalin and W Kamchatka; non-breeding C & S India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar (mainly coast) and Malay Peninsula.
- confusus Stegmann, 1929 - breeds E Mongolia, SE Russia (SE Transbaikalia E to Amurland and Ussuriland) and Manchuria; non-breeding S Malay Peninsula and Sumatra.
- superciliosus Latham, 1801 - breeds S Sakhalin I, S Kuril Is and N & C Japan (Hokkaido, N & C Honshu); non-breeding mainly coastal S China, Hainan, NE & E Indochina, Sumatra, Java and W Lesser Sundas.
- lucionensis Linnaeus, 1766 - breeds E China, Korea and S Japan (Kyushu); non-breeding mainly coastal SE China, Taiwan, Philippines, N Borneo and N Sulawesi.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 38 videos
A bird perched in a tree, flying to catch a prey and returning with it. Locality National Dong Hwa University, Shoufong, Hualien County, Taiwan (ssp lucionensis)
Josep del Hoyo 24 April 2011 2 years ago 21 sec 4.5
An adult on a bush. Locality Taichung City, Taiwan (ssp lucionensis)
kun chin chung 23 November 2011 3 years ago 54 sec 4.5
very pale brown shrike Locality Yilan County, Taiwan
Vicky Cheng 22 January 2011 3 years ago 1 min 2 sec 4.5
A male perched. Locality Mount Harriet National Park, South Andaman, Andaman Islands, Andaman and Nicobar (ssp cristatus)
Josep del Hoyo 15 December 2009 4 years ago 47 sec 4.5
Side and front views of a perched first winter Locality Sigiriya, Central Province, Sri Lanka (ssp cristatus)
Greg Baker 26 January 2014 31 weeks ago 17 sec 4.3
Adult bird perched on a branch looking around whilst tail pumping, lateral views. Locality Happy Island, Hebei, China (Northern)
Mark Andrews 15 May 2012 2 years ago 42 sec 4.3
PhotosSee all 60 photos
Locality Bang Poo, Central Thailand, Thailand (ssp Lanius cristatus)
p.supat 23 December 2011 2 years ago 4.7
Adult among branches
Locality Yala (Ruhunu) National Park , Sri Lanka
Marco Valentini 8 January 2014 37 weeks ago 4.5
Locality Kuala Selangor, Selangor, Peninsular Malaysia
Tomas Grim 23 October 2008 41 weeks ago 4.5
Brown Shrike's kid
Locality Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, Eastern Russia, Russia
Alexdersu 1 July 2007 2 years ago 4.5
Side view of bird perched
Locality Taipei City, Taiwan
Dave Irving 21 October 2012 10 weeks ago 4.4
Brown Shrike, migrant bird, Beidaihe, Hebei, China
Locality Beidaihe, Hebei, China (Northern)
Mark Andrews 15 May 2008 5 years ago 4.4