Pelicans (Pelecanidae)

Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis) - HBW 1, p. 311

French: Pélican brun German: Braunpelikan Spanish: Pelícano Alcatraz
Other common names: Peruvian/Chilean Pelican (thagus)

Taxonomy: Pelecanus occidentalis Linnaeus, 1766, Jamaica.
Race thagus often considered full species. Subspecific status of birds on W coast of C America unclear. Six subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • occidentalis Linnaeus, 1766 - W Indies.
  • carolinensis Gmelin, 1789 - Atlantic coasts of tropical America, from S Carolina to Orinoco.
  • californicus Ridgway, 1884 - Pacific coast of America, from California to Mexico.

     See all 6 subspecies
  • occidentalis Linnaeus, 1766 - W Indies.
  • carolinensis Gmelin, 1789 - Atlantic coasts of tropical America, from S Carolina to Orinoco.
  • californicus Ridgway, 1884 - Pacific coast of America, from California to Mexico.
  • murphyi Wetmore, 1945 - Colombia to N Peru.
  • urinator Wetmore, 1945 - Galapagos.
  • thagus Molina, 1782 - C Peru to 33½° S in Chile.
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