Brown Jay (Psilorhinus morio) - HBW 14, p. 587
French: Geai enfumé
Spanish: Chara Papán
Other common names: Plain-tipped/Plain-tailed Brown Jay (brown-tailed morph); White-tipped Brown Jay (white-tipped morph)
Taxonomy: Pica morio Wagler, 1829, Alvarado, Veracruz, Mexico.
Genus often subsumed in Cyanocorax. Occurs as two morphs, largely random in occurrence, white-tipped morph occurring at relatively high frequencies in arid and mesic regions, brown-tailed morph predominating in more humid areas; in Mexico, white-tipped morph, formerly treated as a separate species, "C. mexicanus", recorded N to C Veracruz (Plan del Río, 19°12' N), and brown-tailed morph found S to Montecristo, in Tabasco. Proposed race cyanogenys (described from Pearl Cay Lagoon, in Nicaragua) is synonymized with nominate. Three subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- palliatus van Rossem, 1934 - extreme S USA (lower Rio Grande Valley, in extreme SE Texas), E Mexico (Nuevo León and Tamaulipas S to Veracruz, extreme E Tabasco and SW Campeche), S in Central America to W Panama (Almirante Bay region).
- morio ( Wagler, 1829) - SE Mexico from coastal plain of C Veracruz S to E Tabasco (Montecristo) and N Chiapas (Palenque).
- vociferus ( S. Cabot, 1843) - N Yucatán Peninsula.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 16 videos
An adult calling nervously, then flying away Locality Coba, Quintana Roo State, Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico (Southern) (ssp vociferus)
Josep del Hoyo 28 September 2006 7 years ago 21 sec 4.3
An immature moving through a small tree, with adults calling in the background. Locality Tikal National Park, Petén Department, Guatemala (ssp morio)
Pieter de Groot Boersma 30 July 2005 8 years ago 44 sec 4.1
An immature bird foraging at an ant swarm Locality Cerro Plano Ecological Sanctuary, Cerro Plano, Puntarenas Province, Costa Rica (ssp morio)
Richard Garrigues 20 March 2007 7 years ago 20 sec 4
A yellow billed juvenile on a branch and then at a feeder Locality Turrialba, Cartago Province, Costa Rica (ssp morio)
Peter Nash 9 March 2002 8 years ago 18 sec 4
Two birds displaying just before dawn Locality Hotel El Establo, Monteverde, Costa Rica (ssp palliatus)
Joe Angseesing 30 March 2012 2 years ago 1 min 10 sec 3.8
Four birds at a feeder Locality Turrialba, Cartago Province, Costa Rica (ssp morio)
Peter Nash 9 March 2002 8 years ago 27 sec 3.8
PhotosSee all 20 photos
Buiding a nest
Locality Santa Elena, Puntarenas Province, Costa Rica
Guy Poisson 5 January 2009 4 years ago 3.9
A juvenile bird perched.
Locality El Relleno, Pérez Zeledón, San José Province, Costa Rica
manuel retana 19 April 2010 4 years ago 3.9
An adult flying.
Locality Morazán, Pérez Zeledón, San José Province, Costa Rica
manuel retana 28 February 2015 3 weeks ago ADDED LAST MONTH 3.7
Adult and juvenile feeding on ripe bananas
Locality Carara National Park, Puntarenas Province, Costa Rica
Róger Rodríguez 28 December 2013 1 year ago 3.7
Locality Alajuelita, San José, San José Province, Costa Rica
Róger Rodríguez 11 March 2013 2 years ago 3.5
Perched while feeding on a flowery tree
Locality Santiago de Puriscal, San José Province, Costa Rica
Róger Rodríguez 20 January 2013 2 years ago 3.5
Calls of an adult bird perched and then flying away.
Locality Frontera Corozal, Chiapas State, Mexico (Southern)
Josep del Hoyo 11 April 2009 5 years ago 4
A bird (dark morph) calling.
Locality Navalandia, Chiapas State, Mexico (Southern)
Josep del Hoyo 7 April 2009 5 years ago 4
Some calls of a bird. Locality Selva El Ocote Biosphere Reserve, Chiapas State, Mexico (Southern)
Josep del Hoyo 6 April 2009 5 years ago 3.5