Jacamars (Galbulidae)

Brown Jacamar (Brachygalba lugubris) - HBW 7, p. 94

French: Jacamar brun German: Braunbrust-Glanzvogel Spanish: Jacamará Pardo
Other common names: Todd’s Jacamar (phaeonota)

Taxonomy: Galbula lugubris Swainson, 1838, Kanuku Mountains, Guyana.
Forms a superspecies with B. salmoni, B. goeringi and B. albogularis. No contact or intergradation between races is known, and potential zones of overlap merit investigation to elucidate taxomonic relationships. Race phaeonota, known only from the type specimen, was described as a separate species, but considered probably a form of present species; further research necessary to confirm its taxonomic placement or, indeed, its validity. Races melanosterna and naumburgi previously treated as together constituting a separate species, and their taxonomic st.. View all taxonomy...

Taxonomy: Galbula lugubris Swainson, 1838, Kanuku Mountains, Guyana.
Forms a superspecies with B. salmoni, B. goeringi and B. albogularis. No contact or intergradation between races is known, and potential zones of overlap merit investigation to elucidate taxomonic relationships. Race phaeonota, known only from the type specimen, was described as a separate species, but considered probably a form of present species; further research necessary to confirm its taxonomic placement or, indeed, its validity. Races melanosterna and naumburgi previously treated as together constituting a separate species, and their taxonomic status may require reassessment. Seven subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • fulviventris P. L. Sclater, 1891 - E of Andes in C Colombia (Buenavista, Villavicencio).
  • obscuriceps J. T. Zimmer & Phelps, Sr., 1947 - S Venezuela (upper Orinoco region, R Ocamo) and NW Brazil (upper R Padauiri, R Negro).
  • lugubris (Swainson, 1838) - E & S Venezuela through the Guianas to NE Brazil.

     See all 7 subspecies
  • fulviventris P. L. Sclater, 1891 - E of Andes in C Colombia (Buenavista, Villavicencio).
  • obscuriceps J. T. Zimmer & Phelps, Sr., 1947 - S Venezuela (upper Orinoco region, R Ocamo) and NW Brazil (upper R Padauiri, R Negro).
  • lugubris (Swainson, 1838) - E & S Venezuela through the Guianas to NE Brazil.
  • caquetae Chapman, 1917 - S Colombia E of Andes (S from Caquetá) S to E Ecuador and N Peru.
  • phaeonota Todd, 1943 - W Brazil, at Tonantins (on R Solimões).
  • naumburgi Chapman, 1931 - NE Brazil (Maranhão, Piauí).
  • melanosterna P. L. Sclater, 1855 - E Bolivia (Santa Cruz) and C & S Brazil (Pará S to Rondônia, Mato Grosso, Goiás, W Minas Gerais, W São Paulo).