Typical Owls (Strigidae)

Brown Hawk-owl (Ninox scutulata) - HBW 5, p. 233

French: Ninoxe hirsute German: Falkenkauz Spanish: Nínox Pardo
Other common names: Brown Boobook, Oriental/Hume’s/Philippine/Burmese Brown Hawk-owl, Indonesian Punggok

Taxonomy: Strix scutulata Raffles, 1822, Sumatra.
Relationships uncertain. Normally, 9-12 races recognized; obscura perhaps specifically distinct, but many others doubtfully separable subspecifically; taxonomy in need of revision. Name scutulata formerly applied to populations from E China, Korea, Japan and Taiwan (currently japonica) on erroneous supposition that type specimen, from Sumatra, was migrant form; populations now recognized as nominate form were placed in race malaccensis. Eleven subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • ussuriensis Buturlin, 1910 - SE Siberia, SE Manchuria and N Korea.
  • japonica (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844) - E China, C & S Korea, Japan and Taiwan.
  • lugubris (Tickell, 1833) - N & C India to W Assam.

     See all 11 subspecies
  • ussuriensis Buturlin, 1910 - SE Siberia, SE Manchuria and N Korea.
  • japonica (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844) - E China, C & S Korea, Japan and Taiwan.
  • lugubris (Tickell, 1833) - N & C India to W Assam.
  • hirsuta (Temminck, 1824) - S India and Sri Lanka.
  • obscura Hume, 1873 - Andaman and Nicobar Is.
  • burmanica Hume, 1876 - E Assam to S China, S to N Malay Peninsula, Thailand and Indochina.
  • palawanensis Ripley & Rabor, 1962 - Palawan.
  • randi Deignan, 1951 - Philippines (Luzon, Marinduque, Mindoro, Negros, Cebu, Siquijor, Mindanao, Basilan).
  • scutulata (Raffles, 1822) - S Malay Peninsula, Riau Archipelago, Sumatra and Bangka.
  • javanensis Stresemann, 1928 - W Java.
  • borneensis (Bonaparte, 1850) - Borneo and N Natuna Is.