Bush-shrikes (Malaconotidae)

Brown-crowned Tchagra (Tchagra australis) - HBW 14, p. 91

French: Tchagra à tête brune German: Dorntschagra Spanish: Chagra Coroniparda
Other common names: Three-streaked Tchagra(!), Brown-headed Tchagra/Bush-shrike; Souza's Tchagra (souzae)

Taxonomy: Malaconotus australis A. Smith, 1836, north of Kurrichane, northern South Africa.
Forms a superspecies with T. jamesi and T. tchagra; has hybridized with former. Additional named races are littoralis (described from Changamwe, in Kenya) and congener (Neu-Helgoland, Songea, S Tanzania), both synonymized with minor, and frater (Bangwa Mts, W Cameroon), subsumed in emini. Nine subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • ussheri ( Sharpe, 1882) - Sierra Leone E to SW & S Nigeria.
  • emini ( Reichenow, 1893) - SE Nigeria S to lower R Congo, E to N & E DRCongo, S Sudan, Uganda, W & C Kenya, Rwanda and NW Tanzania.
  • souzae ( Bocage, 1892) - SW PRCongo S to C Angolan plateau (S to N Huíla), E to S DRCongo (to upper Katanga) and N Zambia (near Ndola).

     See all 9 subspecies
  • ussheri ( Sharpe, 1882) - Sierra Leone E to SW & S Nigeria.
  • emini ( Reichenow, 1893) - SE Nigeria S to lower R Congo, E to N & E DRCongo, S Sudan, Uganda, W & C Kenya, Rwanda and NW Tanzania.
  • souzae ( Bocage, 1892) - SW PRCongo S to C Angolan plateau (S to N Huíla), E to S DRCongo (to upper Katanga) and N Zambia (near Ndola).
  • ansorgei ( Neumann, 1909) - W Angola (S Cuanza Norte and Luanda S along coast and escarpment to C & S Huíla and E Namibe).
  • bocagei da Rosa Pinto, 1968 - SE Angola (C Cuando Cubango).
  • minor ( Reichenow, 1887) - SE Kenya, Tanzania (except NW), Zambia (except Ndola and extreme SW), Malawi, N Zimbabwe and N & C Mozambique (S to R Save).
  • rhodesiensis ( Roberts, 1932) - SE Angola (Cuando Cubango), NE Namibia (along R Okavango E to Caprivi) and NW Botswana.
  • damarensis ( Reichenow, 1915) - extreme SW Angola, Namibia (except NE), Botswana (except NW), SW Zimbabwe (W & NW Matabeleland) and N South Africa (S to N Northern Cape and W Free State).
  • australis ( A. Smith, 1836) - SE Zimbabwe (in Sabi valley and SE lowveld), NE South Africa (S to N KwaZulu-Natal), S Mozambique (Sul do Save) and E Swaziland.