Terns (Sternidae)

Bridled Tern (Sterna anaethetus) - HBW 3, p. 660

French: Sterne bridée German: Zügelseeschwalbe Spanish: Charrán Embridado
Other common names: Brown-winged Tern

Taxonomy: Sterna Anaethetus Scopoli, 1786, Panay, Philippines.
Formerly united with S. fuscata and S. lunata in separate genus Haliplana or Onychoprion. Geographical variation subtle, and subspecific divisions probably exaggerated; taxonomy in need of revision; validity of forms named as novaehollandiae (Queensland to S Australia) and rogersi (N Western Australia) requires further study. Six subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • melanoptera Swainson, 1837 - W Africa.
  • fuligula Lichtenstein, 1844 - Red Sea and E Africa through Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea to W India.
  • antarctica Lesson, 1831 - Madagascar, Aldabra, Seychelles and Mascarenes through Maldives to Andaman Is.

     See all 6 subspecies
  • melanoptera Swainson, 1837 - W Africa.
  • fuligula Lichtenstein, 1844 - Red Sea and E Africa through Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea to W India.
  • antarctica Lesson, 1831 - Madagascar, Aldabra, Seychelles and Mascarenes through Maldives to Andaman Is.
  • anaethetus Scopoli, 1786 - extreme S Japan (S Ryukyu Is) and Taiwan S through Philippines and Indonesia to Australia, including Lord Howe I and Norfolk I.
  • nelsoni Ridgway, 1919 - W coast of Mexico and Central America.
  • recognita (Mathews, 1912) - West Indies, Belize and islands off N Venezuela.
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