Blue-and-yellow Tanager (Thraupis bonariensis) - HBW 16, p. 194
French: Tangara fourchu
Spanish: Tangara Naranjera
Other common names: Darwin’s Tanager (darwinii)
Taxonomy: Loxia bonariensis J. F. Gmelin, 1789, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Recent molecular-genetic data do not support monophyly of genus as currently constituted: six of eight species sampled embedded with Tangara, a finding that makes genus Tangara paraphyletic; present species appears to be most closely related to Pipraeidea and Iridosornis, not Tangara. Geographical variation in plumage substantial; darwinii dullest race, sometimes considered a separate species, also differing somewhat in song from others; further study needed. Four subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- darwinii (Bonaparte, 1838) - Andes of Ecuador (from S Carchi, Imbabura and extreme W Napo S, mainly in C highlands, to Loja), and in Peru S on W slope to N Chile (Tarapacá) and on E slope to Bolivia (La Paz).
- composita J. T. Zimmer, 1944 - C Bolivia (Cochabamba and Santa Cruz).
- schulzei Brodkorb, 1938 - SE Bolivia, extreme W Paraguay and NW Argentina (S to Mendoza, La Pampa, and San Antonio Oeste, in N Río Negro).
- bonariensis (J. F. Gmelin, 1789) - SE Brazil (S São Paulo to Rio Grande do Sul), Uruguay and E Argentina (S to Buenos Aires province).
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 11 videos
on bird table Locality Cock of the Rock Lodge, Kosñipata Valley, Manu Biosphere Reserve, Madre de Dios Department, Peru (ssp darwinii)
Martin Kennewell 2 September 2006 3 years ago 20 sec 4.5
A female feeding on a banana with other tanagers Locality Hotel Pueblo, Aguas Calientes, Cusco Department, Peru (ssp darwinii)
Josep del Hoyo 27 July 2005 9 years ago 32 sec 4.3
A male at a feeder Locality Wenceslau Braz, Paraná State, Brazil (ssp bonariensis)
Edson Rosa 28 June 2008 6 years ago 24 sec 4.3
A male perched in a low bush Locality Hotel Pueblo, Aguas Calientes, Cusco Department, Peru (ssp darwinii)
Josep del Hoyo 27 July 2005 9 years ago 20 sec 4.2
Male perched and chewing a leaf. Locality Laguna del Diario, Maldonado, Maldonado Department, Uruguay
Antonio Silveira 25 July 2013 1 year ago 18 sec 4
female bird perched Locality Santa Eulalia Valley, Lima Department, Peru (ssp darwinii)
Daniêl Jimenez 14 November 2012 2 years ago 27 sec 3.6
PhotosSee all 19 photos
A bird on a tree
Locality Salta Province, Argentina
Alex Mascarell 25 July 2014 27 weeks ago 3.8
Locality Philadelphia Zoo, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, USA (United States)
email@example.com 1 March 1991 6 weeks ago 3.7
A male perched on a tree.
Locality Cotopaxi Province, Ecuador (ssp Darwinii)
Carmelo López 30 September 2014 16 weeks ago 3.7
Locality Laguna del Diario, Maldonado, Maldonado Department, Uruguay
Antonio Silveira 25 July 2013 1 year ago 3.7
Male high in the forest legumes
Locality San Bernardo, Santa Fe Province, Argentina (ssp bonariensis)
Horacio Luna 1 May 2014 43 weeks ago 3.6
Locality Humahuaca, Jujuy Province, Argentina
Marco Valentini 20 August 2012 2 years ago 3.6