Blue-and-yellow Tanager (Thraupis bonariensis) - HBW 16, p. 194
French: Tangara fourchu
Spanish: Tangara Naranjera
Other common names: Darwin’s Tanager (darwinii)
Taxonomy: Loxia bonariensis J. F. Gmelin, 1789, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Recent molecular-genetic data do not support monophyly of genus as currently constituted: six of eight species sampled embedded with Tangara, a finding that makes genus Tangara paraphyletic; present species appears to be most closely related to Pipraeidea and Iridosornis, not Tangara. Geographical variation in plumage substantial; darwinii dullest race, sometimes considered a separate species, also differing somewhat in song from others; further study needed. Four subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- darwinii (Bonaparte, 1838) - Andes of Ecuador (from S Carchi, Imbabura and extreme W Napo S, mainly in C highlands, to Loja), and in Peru S on W slope to N Chile (Tarapacá) and on E slope to Bolivia (La Paz).
- composita J. T. Zimmer, 1944 - C Bolivia (Cochabamba and Santa Cruz).
- schulzei Brodkorb, 1938 - SE Bolivia, extreme W Paraguay and NW Argentina (S to Mendoza, La Pampa, and San Antonio Oeste, in N Río Negro).
- bonariensis (J. F. Gmelin, 1789) - SE Brazil (S São Paulo to Rio Grande do Sul), Uruguay and E Argentina (S to Buenos Aires province).
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 12 videos
on bird table Locality Cock of the Rock Lodge, Kosñipata Valley, Manu Biosphere Reserve, Madre de Dios Department, Peru (ssp darwinii)
Martin Kennewell 2 September 2006 3 years ago 20 sec 4.5
A female feeding on a banana with other tanagers Locality Hotel Pueblo, Aguas Calientes, Cusco Department, Peru (ssp darwinii)
Josep del Hoyo 27 July 2005 9 years ago 32 sec 4.3
A male at a feeder Locality Wenceslau Braz, Paraná State, Brazil (ssp bonariensis)
Edson Rosa 28 June 2008 6 years ago 24 sec 4.3
A male perched in a low bush Locality Hotel Pueblo, Aguas Calientes, Cusco Department, Peru (ssp darwinii)
Josep del Hoyo 27 July 2005 9 years ago 20 sec 4.2
Male Locality Santurce, Santa Fe Province, Argentina
Martin Manassero 25 May 2015 4 weeks ago 27 sec 4
Male perched and chewing a leaf. Locality Laguna del Diario, Maldonado, Maldonado Department, Uruguay
Antonio Silveira 25 July 2013 1 year ago 18 sec 4
PhotosSee all 22 photos
Adult perched on a spiny branch
Locality Red-fronted Macaw Reserve, Omereque, Cochabamba Department, Bolivia
Dubi Shapiro 10 November 2012 6 weeks ago 4.9
Locality Lihué Calel National Park, La Pampa Province, Argentina
Samantha Klein 7 January 2015 11 weeks ago 4.8
female in spine forest
Locality Santurce, Santa Fe Province, Argentina
Horacio Luna 24 May 2015 4 weeks ago 3.9
A bird on a tree
Locality Salta Province, Argentina
Alex Mascarell 25 July 2014 44 weeks ago 3.7
A male perched on a tree.
Locality Cotopaxi Province, Ecuador (ssp Darwinii)
Carmelo López 30 September 2014 32 weeks ago 3.7
Locality Laguna del Diario, Maldonado, Maldonado Department, Uruguay
Antonio Silveira 25 July 2013 1 year ago 3.7