Swallows and Martins (Hirundinidae)

Blue-and-white Swallow (Notiochelidon cyanoleuca) - HBW 9, p. 659

French: Hirondelle bleu et blanc German: Schwarzsteißschwalbe Spanish: Golondrina Barranquera
Other common names: Patagonian Swallow (patagonica)

Taxonomy: Hirundo cyanoleuca Vieillot, 1817, Paraguay.
Sometimes placed in genus Atticora or, more usually, in Pygochelidon. DNA studies on this species suggest that present genus, although close to former and to Neochelidon, is distinct. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • cyanoleuca (Vieillot, 1817) - E Costa Rica and Panama (highlands), Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad, the Guianas, and from Ecuador, N & E Peru and C & NE Brazil S to NW Argentina (Tucumán), Paraguay and Uruguay.
  • peruviana (Chapman, 1922) - coastal Peru.
  • patagonica (d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) - breeds from C Chile and C Argentina S to Tierra del Fuego; in non-breeding season N South America (S to N Chile and N Argentina) and S Central America.