Black Tern (Chlidonias niger) - HBW 3, p. 663
French: Guifette noire
Spanish: Fumarel Común
Taxonomy: Sterna nigra Linnaeus, 1758, near Uppsala, Sweden.
Genus sometimes merged into Sterna. Two subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- niger (Linnaeus, 1758) - S Scandinavia S to S Spain, and E through E Europe and W Asia to L Balkhash and Altai; winters in Africa.
- surinamensis (Gmelin, 1789) - Great Slave L, S Mackenzie and C Manitoba S to California, and E to Great Lakes, NW Pennsylvania and NW New York, with disjunct populations in Kansas, Indiana and N Vermont; winters in Central America and N South America.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 18 videos
Black tern on it's nest in a Maine freswater marsh. ©2011 Garth McElroy. Locality Maine, USA (United States)
wildbirdvideos 5 June 2011 4 years ago 30 sec 4.8
2 adult birds Locality Ijsselmonding, Kampen, Overijssel Province, Netherlands (ssp niger)
Daniêl Jimenez 18 May 2014 17 weeks ago 33 sec 4.8
adult bird preening Locality Ijsselmonding, Kampen, Overijssel Province, Netherlands (ssp niger)
Daniêl Jimenez 18 May 2014 17 weeks ago 1 min 12 sec 4.7
A adult walking away from the young's. Locality Zwolle, Overijssel Province, Netherlands (ssp niger)
Yoel Jimenez 30 May 2012 2 years ago 2 min 38 sec 4.3
A vagrant (American race) juvenile in flight Locality Eccleston Mere, Lancashire, England, Great Britain (ssp surinamensis)
Greg Baker 3 September 2012 3 years ago 20 sec 4
immature flying over Mitchell Lake marsh water Locality Texas, USA (United States)
Malcolm Mark Swan 26 July 2008 6 years ago 1 min 20 sec 4
PhotosSee all 38 photos
Bird calling while hoovering.
Locality South Holland Province, Netherlands
Mattias Hofstede 9 June 2014 11 weeks ago 4.8
Hovering over its nest
Locality Danube Delta, Tulcea County, Romania
Marco Valentini 3 June 2014 1 year ago 4.8
Locality Ushcherpe, Bryansk Oblast, Western Russia, Russia
Sergey Shursha 16 May 2009 1 year ago 4.5
Black Tern with an insect.
Locality Foz do Sizandro, Torres Vedras, Lisbon Region, Portugal (ssp niger)
José Frade 3 October 2013 2 years ago 4.5
1st winter in flight
Locality Ma'agan Michael, Israel
Lior Kislev 26 August 2013 2 years ago 4.4
A bird molting into winter plumage flying by at eye level
Locality Port Aransas, Nueces County, Texas, USA (United States)
Erik Breden 21 August 2009 5 years ago 4.2
- No sound recordings available yet