Terns (Sternidae)

Black Tern (Chlidonias niger) - HBW 3, p. 663

French: Guifette noire German: Trauerseeschwalbe Spanish: Fumarel Común

Taxonomy: Sterna nigra Linnaeus, 1758, near Uppsala, Sweden.
Genus sometimes merged into Sterna. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • niger (Linnaeus, 1758) - S Scandinavia S to S Spain, and E through E Europe and W Asia to L Balkhash and Altai; winters in Africa.
  • surinamensis (Gmelin, 1789) - Great Slave L, S Mackenzie and C Manitoba S to California, and E to Great Lakes, NW Pennsylvania and NW New York, with disjunct populations in Kansas, Indiana and N Vermont; winters in Central America and N South America.

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