Black Tern (Chlidonias niger) - HBW 3, p. 663
French: Guifette noire
Spanish: Fumarel Común
Taxonomy: Sterna nigra Linnaeus, 1758, near Uppsala, Sweden.
Genus sometimes merged into Sterna. Two subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- niger (Linnaeus, 1758) - S Scandinavia S to S Spain, and E through E Europe and W Asia to L Balkhash and Altai; winters in Africa.
- surinamensis (Gmelin, 1789) - Great Slave L, S Mackenzie and C Manitoba S to California, and E to Great Lakes, NW Pennsylvania and NW New York, with disjunct populations in Kansas, Indiana and N Vermont; winters in Central America and N South America.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 16 videos
Black tern on it's nest in a Maine freswater marsh. ©2011 Garth McElroy. Locality Maine, USA (United States)
wildbirdvideos 5 June 2011 2 years ago 30 sec 4.8
A adult walking away from the young's. Locality Zwolle, Overijssel Province, Netherlands (ssp niger)
Yoel Jimenez 30 May 2012 38 weeks ago 2 min 38 sec 4.3
A vagrant (American race) juvenile in flight Locality Eccleston Mere, Lancashire, England, Great Britain (ssp surinamensis)
Greg Baker 3 September 2012 1 year ago 20 sec 4
immature flying over Mitchell Lake marsh water Locality Texas, USA (United States)
Malcolm Mark Swan 26 July 2008 5 years ago 1 min 20 sec 4
A bird flying over the water looking for prey. Locality Candasnos, Huesca, Aragón, Spain (ssp niger)
Jesús Laborda 10 May 2013 29 weeks ago 39 sec 3.8
Two juveniles chasing in flight Locality Camargue, Bouches-du-Rhône, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
Pascal Vagner 18 August 2013 31 weeks ago 32 sec 3.8
PhotosSee all 24 photos
Locality Foz do Sizandro, Torres Vedras, Lisbon Region, Portugal
José Frade 3 October 2013 27 weeks ago 4.5
1st winter in flight
Locality Ma'agan Michael, Israel
Lior Kislev 26 August 2013 33 weeks ago 4.4
Flying with a little fish.
Locality Novosibirsk Oblast, Western Russia, Russia (ssp niger)
Sergey Pisarevsky 14 July 2012 1 year ago 4.1
One of a small breeding colony, taking off from a dead-head in the cat-tail marsh to forage on invertebrates
Locality Beaver Meadow, Prince Edward County, Ontario, Canada
Ian Barker 21 June 2013 43 weeks ago 4
Male - perched on a post overlooking a pond
Locality Pambrun, Saskatchewan, Canada (ssp surinamensis)
Blair Wainman 6 June 2010 3 years ago 4
A mottled bird molting out of breeding plumage
Locality Port Aransas, Nueces County, Texas, USA (United States)
Erik Breden 21 August 2009 3 years ago 4
- No sound recordings available yet