Black Tern (Chlidonias niger) - HBW 3, p. 663
French: Guifette noire
Spanish: Fumarel Común
Taxonomy: Sterna nigra Linnaeus, 1758, near Uppsala, Sweden.
Genus sometimes merged into Sterna. Two subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution:
- niger (Linnaeus, 1758) - S Scandinavia S to S Spain, and E through E Europe and W Asia to L Balkhash and Altai; winters in Africa.
- surinamensis (Gmelin, 1789) - Great Slave L, S Mackenzie and C Manitoba S to California, and E to Great Lakes, NW Pennsylvania and NW New York, with disjunct populations in Kansas, Indiana and N Vermont; winters in Central America and N South America.
- Least Concern Enlarge map
VideosSee all 16 videos
Black tern on it's nest in a Maine freswater marsh. ©2011 Garth McElroy. Locality Maine, USA (United States)
wildbirdvideos 5 June 2011 3 years ago 30 sec 4.8
A adult walking away from the young's. Locality Zwolle, Overijssel Province, Netherlands (ssp niger)
Yoel Jimenez 30 May 2012 1 year ago 2 min 38 sec 4.3
A vagrant (American race) juvenile in flight Locality Eccleston Mere, Lancashire, England, Great Britain (ssp surinamensis)
Greg Baker 3 September 2012 2 years ago 20 sec 4
immature flying over Mitchell Lake marsh water Locality Texas, USA (United States)
Malcolm Mark Swan 26 July 2008 6 years ago 1 min 20 sec 4
A bird flying over the water looking for prey. Locality Candasnos, Huesca, Aragón, Spain (ssp niger)
Jesús Laborda 10 May 2013 1 year ago 39 sec 3.8
Two juveniles chasing in flight Locality Camargue, Bouches-du-Rhône, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
Pascal Vagner 18 August 2013 1 year ago 32 sec 3.8
PhotosSee all 36 photos
Hovering over its nest
Locality Danube Delta, Tulcea County, Romania
Marco Valentini 3 June 2014 46 weeks ago 4.7
Black Tern with an insect.
Locality Foz do Sizandro, Torres Vedras, Lisbon Region, Portugal (ssp niger)
José Frade 3 October 2013 1 year ago 4.5
1st winter in flight
Locality Ma'agan Michael, Israel
Lior Kislev 26 August 2013 1 year ago 4.4
Locality Ushcherpe, Bryansk Oblast, Western Russia, Russia
Sergey Shursha 16 May 2009 22 weeks ago 4.4
A bird molting into winter plumage flying by at eye level
Locality Port Aransas, Nueces County, Texas, USA (United States)
Erik Breden 21 August 2009 5 years ago 4.2
Flying with a little fish.
Locality Novosibirsk Oblast, Western Russia, Russia (ssp niger)
Sergey Pisarevsky 14 July 2012 2 years ago 4.1
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