Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Black-rumped Flameback (Dinopium benghalense) - HBW 7, p. 546

French: Pic du Bengale German: Orangespecht Spanish: Pito Bengalí
Other common names: Lesser Flameback/Goldenback, Lesser/Black-rumped Golden-backed Woodpecker; Ceylon Golden-backed Woodpecker (psarodes)

Taxonomy: Picus benghalensis Linnaeus, 1758, Bengal.
S Sri Lankan race sometimes referred to as erithronothos (or, erroneously, as erithronothon), but psarodes has priority. Clinal decrease in size and variation in colour from N to S, and considerable individual variation, together with intergrading of populations, all combine to make racial delimitation difficult; indeed, W Indian birds sometimes separated as race tehminae and those in N Sri Lanka as jaffnense, but both probably more appropriately included in puncticolle. Four subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • dilutum (Blyth, 1849) - Pakistan.
  • benghalense (Linnaeus, 1758) - NW & N India E to Assam and SW Myanmar.
  • puncticolle (Malherbe, 1845) - C India S to N Sri Lanka.
  • psarodes (A. A. H. Lichtenstein, 1793) - Sri Lanka (except N).