Buttonquails (Turnicidae)

Black-rumped Buttonquail (Turnix hottentotta) - HBW 3, p. 53

French: Turnix hottentot German: Hottentottenlaufhühnchen Spanish: Torillo Hotentote
Other common names: Dwarf/African Buttonquail; Natal Buttonquail (nana); Hottentott/South African Buttonquail (hottentotta)

Taxonomy: Turnix hottentottus Temminck, 1815, Cape of Good Hope.
Race nana often considered separate species, mainly on account of differences in eye colour and migratory habits; no intergradation reported in zone of contact, but very few recent records. Possible northern races luciana and insolata now considered inseparable from nana. Two subspecies normally recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution:

  • nana (Sundevall, 1851) - irregularly and locally in sub-Saharan Africa, mainly from Nigeria E to Uganda and Kenya, S to Angola and E South Africa; status and limits of range particularly uncertain in W Africa.
  • hottentotta Temminck, 1815 - mountains of S South Africa, in winter rainfall area of S Cape Province.

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